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Scientists predict, in the near future cars will be driven by computers, not people...(Band 9 Essay)

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:


Scientists predict, in the near future cars will be driven by computers, not people.

Do you think it is a positive or negative development?


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experiences.


You should write at least 250 words.


Task 2 Band 9 Essay Sample (Scientists predict, in the near future cars will be driven by computers, not people.)

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Sample Essay 1

The prospect of a future where cars will be driven by computers, not people, is a transformative idea that beckons both exhilaration and apprehension. This development, riding on the crest of technological advancement, promises to redefine our transportation landscape. At its heart, the debate hinges on the balance between safety, efficiency, and the loss of human control. This essay posits that the advent of computer-driven cars is a positive evolution, primarily for its potential to significantly reduce traffic accidents and enhance traffic flow, notwithstanding the concerns it raises.


Central to the support for computer-driven vehicles is the argument concerning safety. Statistics unambiguously show that human error accounts for a significant majority of road accidents. Computers, with their ability to process information and make split-second decisions based on algorithms and real-time data, could dramatically lower these figures. For instance, the implementation of autonomous driving technology has been shown to reduce accidents caused by distractions or impaired driving. The capacity for constant vigilance and the absence of human weaknesses, such as fatigue or emotional distress, positions computers as potentially superior drivers, ensuring a safer commuting environment for all.


Moreover, cars driven by computers promise to enhance the efficiency of traffic management. Unlike human drivers who might exhibit unpredictability and inconsistency, computerized systems can optimize routes, reduce traffic congestion, and ensure smoother traffic flow. This not only translates to more predictable travel times but also contributes to a reduction in fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. The coordinated behavior of computer-driven cars could revolutionize urban mobility, making it more sustainable and efficient. The deployment of these vehicles in controlled environments has already showcased their ability to communicate with each other and with traffic infrastructure, hinting at a future where traffic jams and the associated frustrations are markedly diminished.


In conclusion, the transition towards cars driven by computers heralds a significant leap forward in our pursuit of safer and more efficient roadways. While concerns regarding cybersecurity and the loss of personal control are valid, they are outweighed by the compelling benefits of reduced accident rates and improved traffic flow.


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Sample Essay 2

As technology advances at an unprecedented pace, the idea of self-driving cars is no longer a far-fetched concept but a tangible reality. Experts predict that in the near future, cars will be driven by computers, not people. This development sparks a debate on whether it is a positive or negative advancement. In my opinion, while self-driving cars have the potential to bring significant benefits, it is essential to consider the potential drawbacks and challenges they may bring.


On the one hand, self-driving cars have the potential to revolutionize transportation as we know it. With the elimination of human error, they could drastically reduce the number of accidents on the road, potentially saving millions of lives. Additionally, the increased efficiency and reduced traffic congestion could significantly reduce carbon emissions, benefiting the environment. Furthermore, self-driving cars could benefit those who are unable to drive due to age, disability, or other factors, allowing them more freedom and independence. It could also make long-distance travel safer and more comfortable, freeing up time that would otherwise be spent driving, which could be utilized for other activities such as work, reading, or relaxing.


However, there are also concerns that self-driving cars could lead to job losses for millions of people who rely on driving as a source of income. It could also raise ethical and legal questions, such as who would be held responsible in the event of an accident involving a self-driving car. Moreover, as with any technology, there is a risk of hacking and cyber-attacks, which could have devastating consequences if successful. Additionally, the implementation of self-driving cars requires a significant investment in infrastructure, and not all countries or regions may have the resources to do so.


In conclusion, while the advent of self-driving cars has the potential to bring about significant benefits, it is not without its challenges and potential drawbacks. As with any technological advancement, careful consideration and planning are necessary to ensure its safe and responsible implementation. Ultimately, the benefits and risks should be weighed carefully before making a definitive judgement on whether it is a positive or negative development.


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Sample Essay 3

Nowadays, driverless vehicles have become increasingly popular Regardless of the criticism that these vehicles might be an easy prey to cyber criminals, this essay strongly believes that this ground-breaking development has incredible positive effects in terms of proper traffic flow and environmental conservation.


Cars driven by computers could help to reduce traffic congestion. For instance, computer connected cars can contact each other to find the best fit routes for each individual vehicle, creating a network of information which eventually contributes to an organized traffic flow. Moreover, while human driven vehicles run by combustion engines, automatic vehicles run on electric mechanism, reducing the level of emissions in the atmosphere. For example, while whimsical braking and re-acceleration of a human driven car can release a large volume of emission, a self-driven vehicle can travel at a consistent speed, maintain a standard distance from external elements, resulting in a reduced need to decelerate and reaccelerate.


In addition, though a group of people point out that hackers can get into the car’s software and create more chaos in the roads than that of the human driven vehicles, its possibility is insignificant compared to the diverse benefits that an automatic vehicle offers, specially to the elderly, disabled and to the people who cannot drive. In other words, this state-of-the-art technology will allow a wide range of people to travel to everywhere without being worried about safety measures and professional skills.


In summary, despite the risk of computer hacking, a self-driven car comes up with providing unprecedented benefits in terms of safety, convenience, and the overall environment friendly atmosphere.


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