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Demand for Electricity in England and How Electricity is Used in an Average English Home - Task 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The graph below shows the demand for electricity in England during typical days in winter and summer. The pie chart shows how electricity is used in an average English home.


Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.


Write at least 150 words.

Demand for Electricity in England and How Electricity is Used in an Average English Home - Task 1 Multiple Graphs Band 9 Sample Reports

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Model Answer 1

The given visual data meticulously delineates the daily demand for electricity in England across typical winter and summer days, coupled with the categorical utilization of electricity within an average English household.


Commencing with a broad perspective, the salient disparity in electricity consumption between the winter and summer months is striking. In the cooler climes of winter, demand soars, peaking significantly higher than in the summertime, which exhibits a more restrained energy requirement.


Drilling down into the specifics, during the winter season, the demand for electricity crescendos to approximately 35,000 units, notably during the hours stretching from late evening to night (21:00 to 23:00), hinting at a collective routine of increased domestic activity and the necessity for heating. Conversely, the summertime sees a modest pinnacle of roughly 18,000 units around midday (13:00 to 14:00), suggesting a pattern of daily life and energy use that's markedly less intense than its winter counterpart.


The pie chart elucidates that a dominant 52.5% of electricity is allocated to heating rooms and water, reflecting the climatic influence on energy consumption patterns in England. The remaining usage is fragmented among appliances such as ovens, kettles, and washing machines, accounting for 17.5%, while lighting, entertainment devices, and an assortment of electrical tools collectively draw 30% of the power supply. Each slice of the chart is a testament to the diverse demands placed on the electrical grid by the populace.


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Model Answer 2

The provided diagrams concisely chart the typical demand for electricity in England throughout emblematic days in the contrasting seasons of winter and summer and concurrently categorize the consumption purposes within an English domicile.


An overarching glance reveals a pronounced seasonal dichotomy in the demand for electricity in England, with the winter months experiencing a surge in usage, markedly eclipsing the more modest requisites of the summer period.


Expanding upon the details, the winter months witness a zenith of electrical demand, cresting at around 35,000 units, predominantly in the hours of 21:00 to 23:00. This surge likely correlates with the inhabitants' pursuit of warmth and comfort during the frigid evenings. The summer graph tells a different tale, with a plateau at approximately 18,000 units, around the hours of 13:00 to 14:00, reflective of a lighter reliance on electrical power during the warmer days.


The pie chart offers a granular analysis, showing a hefty 52.5% of electricity being channeled towards heating spaces and water, underscoring the climatic impact on energy consumption. Meanwhile, other domestic appliances, like ovens, kettles, and washing machines, draw upon 17.5% of the energy pie, with lighting and entertainment devices, alongside various electrical tools, comprising the remaining 30%.


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Model Answer 3

The graph and chart present a comparative analysis of the demand for electricity in England across different seasons and its distribution of usage within an average household.


At first glance, the demand for electricity in England exhibits pronounced seasonal fluctuations, with winter witnessing a substantial surge in consumption compared to summer. This is reflected in the peak demand reaching nearly 48,000 units during the colder months, a stark contrast to the summer peak of around 20,000 units. The evening hours mark a common period of increased usage across both seasons, albeit with winter evenings seeing a notably higher intensity.


Delving into the specifics, the winter months demonstrate a steep ascent in electricity demand from early evening onwards, sustaining high levels well into the night. Conversely, summer days show a gentler rise around noon, followed by a gradual decline as the day progresses. This pattern indicates a significant reliance on electricity for warmth during winter evenings.


Furthermore, the pie chart provides insight into household electricity allocation, where over half is dedicated to heating rooms and water, highlighting the central role of thermal comfort in energy consumption. Kitchen appliances, such as ovens and kettles, along with washing machines, account for 18% of usage, while lighting and entertainment devices like TVs and radios take up 15%. The remaining 15% is split amongst various smaller electrical tools, underscoring a diverse range of domestic utilities powered by electricity.


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Model Answer 4

The graph and pie chart provided offer insights into the typical patterns of electricity consumption in England throughout the year. These visual representations detail not only the daily fluctuations in demand but also the primary uses of electricity within an average English household.


The line graph delineates a notable divergence in the demand for electricity in England during the contrasting seasons of winter and summer. A pronounced peak is observable in the winter months, where electricity usage intensifies significantly during the evening hours, reflecting heightened domestic activities. Conversely, summer months exhibit a more moderate and steady consumption pattern throughout the day.


Accompanying the line graph, the pie chart furnishes a breakdown of the average English home's electricity usage, where heating rooms and water account for a substantial majority, indicative of the increased demand seen in the winter period. Other household appliances and electronics consume the remainder, with a notably smaller share.


In winter, the graph shows an initial consumption level at 35,000 units at midnight, escalating dramatically post-dawn, reaching a zenith of around 45,000 units by 11 pm. The summer pattern, in contrast, hovers between 10,000 to 20,000 units, climbing slightly post-noon and maintaining a relative steadiness thereafter.


Reflecting on the pie chart, it is evident that over half of the electricity usage is dedicated to heating, likely correlating with the elevated winter demand. The remaining consumption is distributed among various kitchen appliances, entertainment devices, and tools, collectively comprising less than half of the total electricity utilization.



Model Answer 5

The graph delineates the fluctuations in the demand for electricity in England throughout a standard day in the colder and warmer months, while the pie chart categorizes the domestic consumption of electricity.


Predominantly, the demand for electricity in England experiences a marked increase during winter, with the apex nearly doubling that of summer's peak. The overarching trend indicates that as the day progresses, there is a surge in energy consumption, culminating in the highest demand during the evening hours.


Winter days witness the demand for electricity in England beginning at approximately 25 thousand units at midnight, followed by a gradual decline until the early morning. As the day unfolds, consumption steadily climbs, reaching a zenith of roughly 45 thousand units in the late evening. Contrastingly, during summer, the demand for electricity in England initiates at a lower threshold, maintains a more subdued and stable progression throughout the day, and peaks at around 20 thousand units.


Analyzing the pie chart, it is conspicuous that the lion's share of electricity usage, over half, is allocated to heating spaces and water. A lesser, yet significant, fraction of 17.5% is devoted to operating kitchen appliances such as ovens and kettles. Illumination and entertainment, including lighting, television, and radio, account for 15% of the usage, identical to the proportion utilized by cleaning and culinary devices.


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