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Employment Patterns in Great Britain in 1992 - Task 1 Pie Chart Reports

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The two pie charts below show some employment patterns in Great Britain in 1992.


Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.


Write at least 150 words.

Employment Patterns in Great Britain in 1992 - Task 1 Pie Chart Reports

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Model Answer 1 (Band 9)

The two pie charts provide a comparative analysis of employment patterns in Great Britain for the year 1992, distinguishing between the roles assumed by males and females across various job sectors. Notably, the charts segregate occupations into manual and non-manual categories.


The overarching trend reveals that males were more inclined towards manual labour, with the exception of craft-related positions, where females had a slight majority. In stark contrast, clerical roles were predominantly occupied by females, showcasing a quintuple difference compared to their male counterparts.


Delving into specifics, the manual sector for males was largely dominated by 'Other manual' and 'General labourers', constituting 24% and 2% respectively. In comparison, females in the same segments were noticeably fewer, with only 3% in 'Other manual' jobs and a mere 1% as 'General labourers'. Interestingly, the craft sector provided an anomaly, with 27% of females engaged, marginally surpassing the male percentage.


The scenario within non-manual occupations presents a different pattern. While a substantial 36% of males found employment in 'Managerial and professional' roles, the female participation in this segment was also significant at 29%. However, 'Clerical and related' jobs were heavily female-dominated, with 31% of women engaged compared to a modest 6% of men. 'Other non-manual' positions showcased more balance, with males at 6% and females at 9%.


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Model Answer 2 (Band 9)

The presented pie charts compare the distribution of employment across various sectors for men and women in Great Britain in 1992, revealing distinct gender-based preferences in job types.


An overview of the data highlights a pronounced divergence in the job sectors chosen by each gender. Men were significantly more represented in manual labour roles, except for craft-related jobs, which saw a slightly higher female participation. Conversely, clerical positions were vastly more common among women, indicating a gendered disparity in job selection.


In the manual employment category, men predominantly occupied roles classified as 'Other manual' and 'General labourers', making up 24% and 2% of the workforce, respectively. In sharp contrast, these roles were less common among women, with 'Other manual' work engaging only 3% and 'General labourers' a mere 1%. However, the craft sector presented a reversal of this trend, with 27% of women involved, edging out the male percentage by a narrow margin.


Shifting focus to non-manual employment, 'Managerial and professional' roles were significantly held by men, accounting for 36%, while women constituted 29% in this category, demonstrating substantial representation in these sectors. The starkest contrast was seen in 'Clerical and related' jobs, with a substantial 31% of the female workforce, overshadowing the 6% of males. Both genders showed similar interest in 'Other non-manual' jobs, with females at 9% and males slightly lower at 6%.


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Model Answer 3 (Band 9)

The pie charts delineate the employment patterns in Great Britain during 1992, stratified by gender across six distinct sectors of employment.


At a glance, the charts elucidate a gendered dichotomy in occupational roles, with men dominating the manual labour force, save for a marginal female lead in craft-related roles. In stark contrast, the clerical sector was predominantly female territory, illustrating a significant gender skew in employment preferences.


Drilling down into the details, the 'Other manual' work category was male-dominated, encapsulating 24% of the male workforce, a stark disparity when juxtaposed with the scant 3% of females in the same category. Similarly, the 'General labourers' sector employed twice as many men as women, 2% compared to a negligible 1%. Conversely, the craft sector presented an exception to this trend, with 27% of women participating, narrowly surpassing the male percentage.


In the realm of non-manual professions, males were preponderant in 'Managerial and professional' roles, occupying 36%, while females were close behind at 29%. The 'Clerical and related' roles, however, were disproportionately filled by women, who constituted 31% of employees in contrast to the mere 6% of males. The 'Other non-manual' category showed a more balanced gender distribution, with women at 9% and men at 6%, reflecting a semblance of parity in this segment of the job market.


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