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Some people think living in big cities is bad for people’s health..(IELTS Task2 Band 9 Sample Essay)

Updated: Jun 27

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:


Some people think living in big cities is bad for people’s health.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experiences.


You should write at least 250 words.


Task 2 Band 9 Essay Sample (Living in Big Cities is Bad for Health)

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Sample Essay 1

There appears to be a growing concern for some as they believe that metropolitan cities can be harmful to people’s wellbeing. I strongly agree with this statement because the constant inflow of population in major cities is contributing to the rise of automobiles and industrial establishments which are resulting in excessive air and water pollutions.


A rapid growth in population over the last few decades has caused to soar the demand of motor vehicles; as a result, the air pollution has grown exponentially. This issue is not only wearing down on climate, but also having a detrimental effect on people’s health. Automobiles’ lavish use of fossil fuels for energy production is releasing a great amount of carbon dioxide into the city air which is causing a serious damage to our lungs when we inhale. For example, according to the experts regarding some major cities’, residents are suffering from chronic laboured breathing and other respiratory tract issues. Furthermore, due to the influx of people for better opportunities in big cities, the number of motorists has risen significantly, and thus, the air pollution releases from the vehicles can exacerbate in causing the greenhouses gases to trap into the atmospheres, which could ultimately get inhaled by the people dwelling in urban domains, resulting in developing variety of ailments.


In addition, a vast majority of factories usually operates in big cities, though they are supporting the supply chain of various kinds, however, the by-products could be ending up in water streams, discharging heavy metals such as mercury, cadmium and lead along with many other chemicals. In addition, illegally disposed garbage in landfills can contaminate aquifers, rivers and lakes, and microscopic plastic fragments derived from plastic bags or bottles can be ingested by some fishes, which could eventually be eaten by the city dwellers. Thus, consuming the contaminated water in various forms could lead to ill health for the urban residents in the long run.


In conclusion, with the constant influx of population, considerable increase of vehicles and manufacturing plants are seriously polluting the city air and water system, which are eventually affecting the overall health of the residents.


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Sample Essay 2

The notion that living in big cities is detrimental to people’s health has garnered attention, sparking a debate on the extent of its truth. This essay concurs with this viewpoint to a significant degree, attributing the adverse health impacts to environmental pollution and the stress of urban living. The ensuing discussion will delve into these aspects, elucidating their contribution to the degradation of health among city dwellers.


Firstly, the omnipresent environmental pollution in large urban areas stands as a primary concern. Air quality in big cities is often compromised due to vehicular emissions and industrial activities, leading to respiratory ailments and chronic conditions such as asthma and lung cancer. The notion “living in big cities is bad for people’s health” finds its justification in numerous studies that have linked poor air quality to a spectrum of health issues. Furthermore, the lack of green spaces reduces opportunities for physical activity, exacerbating the risk of obesity, heart disease, and mental health disorders. The concrete jungle of urban areas not only stifles physical well-being but also diminishes mental health by offering little respite from the urban hustle.


Secondly, the relentless pace and stress of city life significantly contribute to health deterioration. The competition for jobs, housing, and even basic amenities fuels a stress epidemic, leading to a rise in anxiety, depression, and stress-related illnesses. The constant noise pollution disrupts sleep patterns, further impairing mental and physical health. This lifestyle, emblematic of living in big cities, fosters a culture of quick meals, leading to poor dietary habits and further health complications. The very essence of urban living, with its fast-paced lifestyle and dependency on convenience, encapsulates the risks associated with living in big cities.


In conclusion, the view that urban living harms health is well-founded, chiefly due to pollution and urban stress. These elements significantly harm individuals' health. With rising urban populations, prioritizing cleaner environments and a balance between urban demands and health is crucial. Promoting green spaces and a wellness culture is key to reducing the health risks of city life, aiming for a healthier future for city residents.


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Sample Essay 3

The notion that living in big cities is detrimental to one’s health is a topic of considerable debate. While some argue that the bustling urban environment fosters unhealthy lifestyles, others believe the benefits outweigh the negatives. This essay contends that, though there are some health challenges associated with urban living, these can be mitigated through proactive measures. The ensuing discussion will delve into the impact of pollution and lifestyle on health, as well as explore how urban environments also offer opportunities for health improvement.


Firstly, the primary concern is the pervasive issue of pollution in large metropolises. The air quality in such areas is often poor due to emissions from vehicles and industrial activities, leading to respiratory problems among residents. Noise pollution, another facet of urban living, contributes to stress and potential hearing loss. However, it’s crucial to acknowledge the initiatives taken by cities to combat these challenges, such as the implementation of green spaces and stricter emissions regulations. These efforts demonstrate that while living in big cities is bad for people’s health due to pollution, there are mitigating steps being taken.


Secondly, the fast-paced lifestyle typical of big cities can negatively affect physical and mental health. The prevalence of convenience foods and sedentary jobs contributes to obesity and related diseases. Additionally, the often isolating nature of urban life can exacerbate mental health issues. Yet, cities offer unparalleled access to healthcare facilities, fitness centers, and wellness programs. The availability of these resources, if utilized, can significantly counteract the health risks posed by city living.


In conclusion, while the statement that living in big cities is bad for people’s health holds some truth, especially when considering pollution and lifestyle factors, it does not capture the full picture. Urban environments also offer resources and opportunities to maintain and improve health. By leveraging these advantages and addressing the inherent challenges, urban residents can lead healthy lives, thus illustrating that the impact of city living on health is not solely negative.


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