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Many Offenders Commit More Crimes after Serving Their First Punishment - IELTS Task 2 Band 9 Essay

Updated: Nov 3, 2023

Write about the following topic:


Many offenders commit more crimes after serving their first punishment. Why is this happening, and what measures can be taken to tackle this problem?


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experiences.


You should write at least 250 words.


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Many offenders commit more crimes after serving their first punishment. Why is this happening, and what measures can be taken to tackle this problem? (moneybrain.net)

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IELTS Task 2 Band 9 Sample Essay

A prevalent trend in criminal behaviour is the recurrence of offenses by individuals following initial convictions, raising critical inquiries regarding its causation and potential solutions. This essay intends to dissect the socio-economic and systemic factors contributing to this pattern of recidivism, whilst also proposing a dual strategy of rehabilitative programs and legal reforms to effectively address and mitigate the issue.


Recidivism is primarily fuelled by a combination of socioeconomic factors and a lack of rehabilitative support. Individuals who find themselves in the quagmire of poverty often have limited access to education and employment opportunities. This dearth of resources can propel them towards criminal activities as a desperate means of survival. Furthermore, the stigma attached to being a former convict can hinder their reintegration into society, perpetuating a vicious cycle of crime. For example, a report by the National Institute of Justice highlighted that ex-offenders are 50% more likely to be unemployed, underscoring the need for systemic change.


To break this cycle, a twofold approach encompassing rehabilitation and legal reform is imperative. Investment in educational and vocational training programs within correctional facilities can equip inmates with the necessary skills to secure employment upon release. Simultaneously, mentoring and counselling services can provide the psychological support needed to navigate the challenges of reintegration. On the legal front, implementing restorative justice programs can foster a sense of accountability and facilitate reconciliation between offenders and victims, paving the way for lasting change.


In conclusion, addressing recidivism requires a holistic understanding of its root causes and a commitment to implementing targeted interventions. By providing ex-offenders with the tools to rebuild their lives and reforming the legal system to support their reintegration, society can move closer to breaking the cycle of reoffending and fostering a safer, more inclusive community for all.


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IELTS Task 2 Band 8 Sample Essay

A worrying trend has been observed wherein numerous convicts tend to relapse into criminal behaviour following their initial incarceration. This phenomenon of recidivism can be largely attributed to the adverse conditions within prisons and the lack of comprehensive rehabilitation systems. Addressing this issue necessitates innovative solutions, including robust social reintegration programs.


Firstly, it is crucial to understand the criminogenic environment of penitentiaries that inadvertently fosters recidivism. In the penal system, offenders are often immersed in an environment teeming with hardened criminals. This proximity enables the exchange of illicit knowledge and survival techniques, which can exacerbate criminal tendencies rather than suppress them. For instance, a study published by the Journal of Criminal Justice found that prolonged imprisonment correlates with a 5% increase in reoffending rates, ostensibly due to the intensive exposure to criminal elements. Additionally, prisons often fall short in providing adequate rehabilitation programs, focusing more on punitive measures rather than reform. This punitive approach fails to address the root causes of criminal behaviour, such as socio-economic disadvantage, mental health issues, or lack of education, thereby perpetuating the cycle of crime.


To curtail recidivism, it is imperative to implement comprehensive offender treatment and reintegration programs. Such initiatives should holistically address the challenges ex-convicts face, including housing, social exclusion, employment, and education. For instance, the Norwegian prison system emphasizes rehabilitation and social reintegration, resulting in Norway boasting one of the lowest recidivism rates globally. Furthermore, public-private partnerships could play a pivotal role in providing vocational training to inmates. An inspiring example comes from Chile, where a private initiative teaches incarcerated individuals to produce and sell leather goods, equipping them with marketable skills for their eventual re-entry into society.


In conclusion, while the prison environment may inadvertently fuel recidivism, strategic interventions, such as robust reintegration programs and vocational training, can break this cycle. For a safer society, it is paramount that we pivot from purely punitive approaches to those that emphasize rehabilitation and reintegration, thus equipping ex-offenders with the tools necessary to avoid reoffending.


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IELTS Task 2 Band 7 Sample Essay

There is a palpable paradox in our societal approach to crime and punishment: imprisonment, a tool designed to deter criminal behaviour, often exacerbates recidivism instead. This conundrum is particularly acute due to the prison environment's propensity to foster an underworld of crime, compounding the difficulties for individuals attempting to reorient their lives post-incarceration. A potential remedy to this quandary lies in enhancing the robustness of social reintegration programmes, which can pave the way for a more rehabilitative rather than punitive approach to justice.


The prison ecosystem, rife with opportunities for criminal collusion, often hinders inmates' reformative journey. When inmates are thrust into an environment saturated with fellow offenders, they are inadvertently exposed to a repository of illicit knowledge. For instance, activities like organised crime affiliation or narcotics trade become survival skills within these prison walls. Reinforcing this reality is a recent study published in a prominent Canadian newspaper, which illuminated a disturbing correlation - extended prison terms were linked to a 3% uptick in recidivism rates.


Given the counterproductive nature of extended incarceration, it is imperative that societal stakeholders adopt a collective, proactive stance. Fostering offender rehabilitation programmes can serve as a panacea to the escalating cycle of crime and re-incarceration. These programmes function as a comprehensive support network addressing varied challenges faced by ex-inmates, from securing shelter and employment to combating social isolation.


The success of these initiatives can be witnessed in a noteworthy endeavour in Chile, where incarcerated individuals are taught to create and market leather products. This initiative, driven by volunteers, bestows prisoners with practical vocational skills, thus equipping them for a productive life post-prison. Moreover, it imparts a sense of purpose, a vital ingredient for successful societal reintegration.


In conclusion, the conventional punitive model of justice, exemplified by extended prison sentences, ironically perpetuates the cycle of crime by fostering a conducive environment for criminal tendencies. A paradigm shift towards a rehabilitative model, underpinned by robust social reintegration programmes, can act as a catalyst to break this cycle, consequently fostering a safer, more inclusive society.


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