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The World Has Many Towns and Cities Constructed in Previous Centuries that Were More Suitable - IELTS Essay

The World Has Many Towns and Cities Constructed in Previous Centuries that Were More Suitable - IELTS Task 2 Band 9 Sample Essay

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Model Essay 1

Urban landscapes, architected centuries ago, now grapple with the unprecedented demands of contemporary society. These bygone designs, while architecturally venerable, falter under today's urban pressures, sparking significant issues such as congestion, inefficiency, and scarcity of living spaces. This essay elucidates these challenges and delineates smart redesign, specifically, expanding green spaces, modernizing public transit, and harmonizing historical integrity with contemporary needs.

Historical cities, characterized by their narrow, winding streets, were designed in an era long before the advent of automobiles. Today, these age-old infrastructures are overwhelmed by the demands of modern traffic, leading to persistent congestion issues. Take, for example, the ancient heart of Rome, initially laid out for the slow pace of foot traffic and horse-drawn carriages, which now finds itself ill-equipped to manage the constant influx of cars, significantly impeding the ease of mobility. Moreover, the constrained spaces within these historical urban environments intensify the housing dilemma, as these areas were never intended to accommodate the populations they now hold. Paris stands as a prime example; despite its celebrated beauty, it is grappling with a severe lack of affordable housing. The city's high population density drives real estate prices to levels beyond the reach of many.

Addressing these complex challenges requires a diversified strategy. Integrating modern urban design principles within historical contexts, for example, through the pedestrianization of city centers, can significantly reduce traffic congestion while preserving the architectural legacy. The transformation of Vienna’s Ringstraße into a vibrant, vehicle-free area stands as a testament to this approach, significantly improving urban mobility and the quality of life. Furthermore, embracing vertical living solutions, similar to the compact residential models found in Tokyo, offers a viable way to alleviate the housing shortage without infringing upon historical landmarks. By merging these innovative solutions with the existing urban fabric, we can create harmonious cityscapes that respect their historical heritage while thriving in the contemporary world, enhancing both functionality and livability.

In conclusion, while historical urban designs present substantial challenges in the present day, strategic, respectful interventions can ensure these cities remain vibrant and livable. By marrying the old with the new, we can safeguard our architectural heritage while catering to the dynamic needs of modern urban populations.

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Model Essay 2

Undoubtedly, the urban design of many cities and towns in previous centuries considerably distinguishes from modern time. While the previously existing style of cities was suitable for those people who lived a few centuries ago, it is no longer effective today. This essay will explore the critical challenges faced by modern urban areas, including congestion, inadequate infrastructure, and housing shortages, and propose comprehensive solutions such as the development of vertical housing units, expansion of public transportation networks, and adaptive reuse of historical buildings.

Initially, it is worth mentioning that every century has its own requirements to build houses, roads, squares etc. As the technology advanced, many of them have been outdated and lost their popularity except the ones with historical significance. For example, a few decades ago, there were no modern type of cars and overcrowded roads with traffic; instead there were only horses and few carts harnessed them. Therefore, the roads were narrow and were supposed to be only one direction. Moreover, the population of even big cities were not exceeding a million, and therefore everyone has enough place to live without building skyscrapers. However, today cosmopolitan cities are experiencing the lack of accommodation, and people even share their flat with other people.

As for the solution of these problems, it is inevitable to replace old houses in the city centre with moderately high multi-store buildings with an underground garage for parking. To explain this further, the building founded on few acres of area will host many people to inhabit in the same place. Secondly, a new design of the city should be approved by the city council and new individual buildings (houses) should only be permitted to build in those areas which were allocated for this purpose by the municipality. In general, people should be banned to construct individual houses in the city area which will capture the land and will allow only one or maximum two families to reside there. 

To conclude, the old design of cities and towns was only sufficient for people who lived earlier than our century, but it is not suitable to have adapted them to modern era. Therefore, the old design of cities needs to be renovated and restyled.

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Model Essay 3

Many ancient towns and cities, while charming, were built under vastly different societal and technological conditions, rendering them less compatible with contemporary living demands. This essay explores the resultant challenges and proposes actionable solutions. Key issues include inadequate infrastructure and sustainability; interventions may involve modern urban planning and technological integration.

Firstly, the primary concern is the outdated infrastructure, which often struggles under the pressure of today's urban demands. Narrow streets designed for a less populous era now cause congestion and accessibility issues, adversely affecting both transportation and emergency services. Buildings, lacking modern materials and techniques, frequently fail to meet current safety or efficiency standards. An illustrative example is the frequent flooding in Venice, where ancient water systems are overwhelmed by both rising sea levels and increased tourist flows. Addressing these issues requires a dual approach: retrofitting existing structures with contemporary materials and methods while preserving their historical value, and redesigning urban layouts to enhance functionality without detracting from the city's historical character.

Furthermore, sustainability poses a significant challenge. Many older urban areas lack the green spaces and energy-efficient designs that modern environmental standards demand. For instance, the dense, compact urban form of medieval European cities often results in significant heat retention, exacerbating urban heat islands. To mitigate these effects, cities like Paris have adopted "greening" initiatives that introduce rooftop gardens and vertical forests. These not only improve air quality but also enhance the aesthetic appeal of the cityscape, thus maintaining tourist interest and local quality of life.

In conclusion, while historical towns and cities offer significant cultural and aesthetic value, their adaptation to modern needs is crucial. By integrating advanced materials and sustainable practices into urban redevelopment, these areas can remain vibrant and liveable without sacrificing their unique heritage.

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