A Guide for Complex Sentence in IELTS Writing

If you use complex sentences in your writing and speaking, it will give a good impression to the examiner about your English proficiency. In this page, we will discuss how you can construct a complex sentence.

What is Complex Sentence

Look at the examples below:

  1. I broke my table. 

  2. I didn't break my chair.

  3. I broke my table, but not the chair.

  4. The students, who attend all the classes, do well in the exam.

Example 1 and 2 are simple sentences, whereas the example 3 and 4 are complex sentences. 

A complex sentence is adding one or more dependent clauses to the main clause using conjunctions or relative pronouns. 

A clause contains only one main verb, and the alternative name of a clause is a simple sentence. That means, a simple sentence contains only one clause, whereas a complex sentence contains more than one clauses.

How to Construct a Complex Sentence

It is very easy to write a complex sentence. All you need to do is just join two or more than two sentences using relative pronouns or conjunctions. Just remember, one of the joined sentences will be independent, and all the other sentences will be dependent. 

Conjunctions are: and, but, or, so, yet, either/or, neither/nor, both, as soon as, as much, as long as, in order that, though, even though, till, until, whenever, unless, and whereas etc. and

relative pronouns are: who, whom, what, which, and that etc.

As we've already mentioned above, if you know what are the relative pronouns and what are the conjunctions, it is very easy for you to make a complex sentence.

 

Complex Sentence Using Relative Pronouns

Look at the example below:

Her name is Piya.

She is a well-known recipe specialist.

She lives in Melbourne.

You can construct a complex sentence by combining these sentences. You can do it in two ways:

Piya, who lives in Melbourne, is a well-known recipe specialist.

or,

Piya, who is a well-known recipe specialist, lives in Melbourne.

 

 

Complex Sentence Using Conjunctions

Look at the example below:

You can construct a complex sentence combining these two sentences below:

  1. Anaya is a very cute toddler.

  2. She is already famous for her beautiful hair.

Complex sentence:

The cute toddler Anaya is already famous because of her beautiful hair.

You can use both conjunctions and relative pronouns together to construct a complex sentence. See how we converted the following three simple sentences into a complex sentence: 

Simple Sentences:

  1. Anaya is a very cute toddler.

  2. She is already famous for her beautiful hair.

  3. She lives with her mother.

Complex Sentence:

The cute toddler Anaya, who lives with her mother, is already famous because of her beautiful hair.

Check the following resources: