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Many People Think That Fast Food Companies Should Not Be Allowed to Advertise - IELTS Band 9 Essay


Many People Think That Fast Food Companies Should Not Be Allowed to Advertise - IELTS Band 9 Essay

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Model Essay 1

The appropriateness of advertising by fast food companies sparks a contentious debate. While some advocate for restrictions to protect public health, others champion the right to advertise as a cornerstone of free enterprise. This essay will explore these contrasting viewpoints and advocate for a compromise approach that respects both public health concerns and economic freedoms.


Critics of fast food advertising pinpoint these promotions as significant contributors to public health crises, particularly obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. They argue that the near-constant visibility of such advertisements, particularly on digital platforms and television shows targeted at minors, manipulates vulnerable demographics by glamorizing poor dietary choices. According to the British Heart Foundation, children exposed to just one additional junk food advertisement per week may end up consuming an extra 18,000 calories each year. Consequently, many health advocates demand a ban on such advertising, aiming to eliminate these predatory marketing tactics and encourage healthier eating habits, particularly among children who are most susceptible to advertising influences.


Proponents of maintaining the freedom to advertise fast food view it as an essential aspect of economic liberty that catalyzes competition and innovation within the food industry. Advertising serves as a critical mechanism for companies to communicate with consumers about their products and special promotions. This dynamic not only supports individual business growth but also contributes to the stimulation of the broader economy. Additionally, advertisements provide essential information that enables consumers to make informed choices. For instance, fast food chains frequently use advertising campaigns to introduce new, potentially healthier alternatives to their standard fare, thus playing a significant role in enhancing consumer awareness and promoting diversity in dietary options. This approach suggests that informed consumer choice can coexist with vibrant market activity.


In conclusion, while the unrestricted advertising of fast food poses undeniable risks to public health, particularly among children, it also plays a vital role in a dynamic economic system. A balanced regulatory approach that allows for creative marketing while strictly limiting exposure to vulnerable populations could reconcile public health interests with the principles of free enterprise. Such a strategy ensures that consumer choice and health considerations are both judiciously addressed.


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Model Essay 2

The debate over whether fast food corporations should be permitted to advertise is polarized; some argue for a ban to curb unhealthy consumption, while others uphold advertising as a fundamental commercial right. This essay will examine both perspectives and argue in favour of limited advertising.


Opponents of fast food advertising emphasize the serious health implications linked to frequent consumption of such meals, which are typically high in calories, fats, and sugars. Countries grappling with escalating obesity rates, particularly among children, perceive these advertisements as a direct catalyst for this growing epidemic. For instance, robust studies in the UK have shown a definitive correlation between the number of fast food ads children are exposed to and their increased likelihood of consuming unhealthy meals. Advocates for advertising bans argue that eliminating such promotions could significantly reduce the appeal of fast food, fostering a healthier generation by decreasing exposure to these persuasive messages.


Conversely, proponents of unrestricted advertising argue that it embodies the essence of a free market, vital for fostering economic competition and consumer choice. They assert that advertising serves as a critical tool that informs consumers about the array of product options available, thereby empowering personal responsibility and informed decision-making. Moreover, from an economic perspective, advertising not only drives industry growth but also job creation, contributing significantly to the national economy. For example, the fast food industry in the United States not only employs millions but also spends billions on advertising annually, highlighting its integral role in the economic framework and its substantial impact on consumer habits.


In conclusion, while advertising is undeniably central to economic growth, the public health costs associated with unregulated fast food advertising are too substantial to ignore. A balanced approach, perhaps through stricter regulations rather than outright bans, could mitigate health risks while preserving economic benefits.


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