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Information about the Percentage of Population in Four Asian Countries-Line Graph Band 9 Report

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The graph below gives information about the percentage of the population in four Asian countries living in cities from 1970 to 2020, with predictions for 2030 and 2040.


Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.


Write at least 150 words.


IELTS Task 1 Line Graph Band 9 Sample Report based on this graphic "The graph below gives information about the percentage of the population in four Asian countries living in cities from 1970 to 2020, with predictions for 2030 and 2040." - IELTS Luminary

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Model Answer 1

The provided line graph delineates urban population growth as a percentage of the total populace across four Asian nations - the Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia - from 1970, with projections extending to 2040. Overall, a general upward trajectory in urban population percentages is apparent, though each country exhibits unique fluctuations and distinct rates of growth.


Commencing with 1970, Indonesia exhibited the lowest percentage of urban dwellers at a mere 11%, which then experienced a substantial increase, reaching 50% by 2020; this figure is projected to ascend to 60% by 2040. In Malaysia, the proportion of the population living in urban areas was recorded at 30% in the same year, which dramatically rose to 75% by 2020, and with the momentum of urban migration remaining strong, it is expected to climb even further, to 85%, by the year 2040.


Conversely, the Philippines showed a sharp rise in city residents to 50% by 1990, followed by a brief plateau and a slight dip to 42% over the next two decades. Nonetheless, a resurgence is predicted, with an urban population reaching 51% by 2040. Thailand's trajectory is similar, with an initial peak at 30% in 1990, a reduction to 28% by 2000, and a recovery leading to a projected 45% by 2040.


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Model Answer 2

The provided line chart delineates the urbanization trends in four distinguished Asian nations: the Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia. This data spans from 1970 until 2020 and includes predictive figures up to the year 2040. Percentages are utilized as the unit of measurement.


Overall, the urban population has seen multiple fluctuations but has steadily increased to the present day. It is projected to continue its upward trajectory through 2040.


Malaysia's urban populace experienced a significant surge since 1970, and forecasts predict that this trend will persist, potentially exceeding 80% of the country's total population. Similarly, Indonesia followed a parallel growth pattern and is expected to mirror Malaysia's growth by 2040.


Thailand's urban population growth, although consistent, was not as pronounced as that of Malaysia and Indonesia. It is forecasted to reach about 60% of the total population by 2040. Intriguingly, the Philippines displayed relative stability in urban population during the first decade but then began to rise. Despite experiencing a downward trend since 1980, the predictions are optimistic, projecting that approximately half of the population will reside in urban areas by 2040.


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Model Answer 3

The line graph above illustrates the proportion of the total population in four Asian countries, the Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia, living in the cities respectively between the period of 1970 and 2040. Overall, the upward trend is demonstrated in all countries, despite small fluctuations around 1990 in the Philippines and Thailand.


Data for Malaysia and Indonesia indicates a strong positive relationship between year and urban population. In 1970, these two countries had only 30% and 11% of their total population living in cities respectively. Whereas in 2020, these percentages rose to 75% and 50%, and they are expected to increment further to 85% and 60% by 2040.


In contrast, the urban population had downward trends between 1990 and 2010 in the Philippines and Thailand. In the Philippines, although the urban population increased up to 50% from 31% by 1990, this number decreased to 42% by 8% in the next 20 years. Similar trend was also evident in Thailand, where the percentage of total population living in cities decreased from 30% in 1990 to 28% in 2000. After 2010, the urban population boosted again, rising from 42% and 31% to the prediction of 51% and 45%.



Model Answer 4

The line chart illustrates the percentage of population in four Asian countries: the Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia, from 1970 to 2020, with projections until 2040. The data is represented as a percentage of the total population.


Conspicuously, the urban populace across all countries has not only witnessed intermittent variances but has also generally ascended over the period under study. Furthermore, this upward trend is projected to endure until 2040. Malaysia has been particularly noteworthy in this regard. The urban population in this nation has skyrocketed since 1970, and current projections indicate that by 2040, the urban populace will likely surpass 80% of Malaysia's total population.


Likewise, Indonesia is on a comparable trajectory, with its growth pattern anticipated to mirror Malaysia’s growth trend by the closing year of 2040. Conversely, Thailand, while experiencing a steady incline, is anticipated to plateau at approximately 50% of its total population living in urban settings by 2040.


The Philippines presents an interesting case. Initial stability in urban population figures was followed by an abrupt ascent. Although a decline has been observed post-1980, forecasts are sanguine, positing that nearly half of the nation's population will be urban-based by 2040.


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