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Poor Infrastructure Hinders Under-Developed Countries from Progressing and Modernising - IELTS Essay


Poor Infrastructure Hinders Under-Developed Countries from Progressing and Modernising - IELTS Task 2 Band 9 Sample Essay

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Model Essay 1

The impediment of under-developed nations' progress due to inadequate infrastructure is a pressing issue. Many advocate for prioritizing this in the allocation of foreign aid. I concur that infrastructure development should be a primary focus of foreign assistance, as it underpins economic stability and health services improvement.


Firstly, infrastructure is undeniably the cornerstone of economic advancement. A compelling example is the Asian Development Bank's initiatives in Vietnam, where substantial investment in rural infrastructure has notably elevated agricultural productivity, thereby enhancing incomes and livelihoods. This example serves as a testament to how meticulously planned infrastructure projects can fuel economic growth, create employment opportunities, and mitigate poverty. The construction of roads, bridges, and comprehensive transportation systems does more than facilitate trade; it acts as a magnet for foreign investment. Businesses are more likely to invest in areas where they can reliably access markets and resources, indicating the profound impact of infrastructure on economic stability and expansion.


Furthermore, the enhancement of infrastructure is vitally linked to the improvement of health services. The predicament in Sub-Saharan Africa, where the scarcity of accessible roads and transportation systems has impeded healthcare delivery, especially in secluded areas, underscores the urgency. By channeling foreign aid into the construction and upgrade of these essential facilities, communities can achieve improved access to medical services. This strategic focus on infrastructure leads to a tangible decrease in disease prevalence and mortality rates. Moreover, the advancement in water and sanitation infrastructure is pivotal in curtailing the spread of waterborne diseases. Such improvements elucidate the broad-spectrum advantages of infrastructure development, not only in bolstering economic growth but also in enhancing the quality of public health, underlining the indispensable role of infrastructure in fostering a healthier, more prosperous society.


In conclusion, the strategic focus of foreign aid on infrastructure development is imperative for fostering economic growth and enhancing healthcare services in under-developed countries. By laying a solid foundation of roads, utilities, and health facilities, foreign aid can significantly contribute to the sustainable development and modernization of these nations.


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Model Essay 2

The infrastructure deficit in under-developed countries significantly impedes their progress and modernisation. I strongly advocate for prioritising infrastructure development through foreign aid, as it lays the foundation for a country’s economic growth and social wellbeing. The subsequent discussion will elaborate on the transformative power of robust infrastructure and its multifaceted benefits.


Firstly, infrastructure development is instrumental in stimulating economic activities. A well-established transportation network, for example, not only reduces the cost of moving goods and services, enhancing the competitiveness of local businesses in the global market, but also encourages regional trade and integration. This creates a virtuous cycle of economic activity that benefits even the most remote areas. Additionally, reliable electricity and internet services are not just critical for the operation of modern enterprises; they also enable small businesses and startups to thrive, facilitating innovations and attracting foreign investments. Countries like Rwanda have demonstrated a remarkable economic turnaround through focused investments in infrastructure, which have been pivotal in their journey towards becoming regional economic hubs. This approach has effectively transformed their economic landscapes, proving the substantial return on investment in infrastructure development.


Secondly, improving infrastructure has direct implications on social welfare. Access to clean water and sanitation can dramatically reduce disease prevalence, significantly improving public health outcomes and reducing healthcare costs for both individuals and governments. Meanwhile, efficient transportation systems ensure that communities have better access to healthcare, education, and employment opportunities, effectively bridging the urban-rural divide. The construction of schools and hospitals in remote areas becomes feasible with improved roads, directly impacting literacy rates and life expectancy. These developments not only uplift the quality of life but also foster a sense of equity and social cohesion among citizens, creating a more inclusive society where every individual has the opportunity to contribute to and benefit from national progress. Enhanced infrastructure thus acts as a catalyst for social transformation, laying the groundwork for a more equitable and prosperous future.


In conclusion, the strategic focus on infrastructure development through foreign aid is not merely beneficial but essential for the holistic advancement of under-developed nations. By catalysing economic growth and enhancing social welfare, robust infrastructure sets the stage for sustainable development and integration into the global economy.


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