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Despite Unprecedented Growth in the International Trade, Poor Nations are Deprived - Task 2 Essay

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:


According to certain studies, despite unprecedented growth in the international trade, poor nations have not been able to get the benefits of globalization.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experiences.


You should write at least 250 words.


Task 2 Band 9 Sample Essay - According to certain studies, despite unprecedented growth in the international trade, poor nations have not been able to get the benefits of globalization.

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Model Essay 1

Despite the surge in global commerce, it is argued that the fruits of globalization remain elusive for impoverished nations. I strongly concur with this viewpoint, positing that the primary issues lie in unequal opportunities and inadequate infrastructure in these countries, which hinder their ability to capitalize on global markets.


Firstly, the global trading system, often praised for its inclusivity, inherently favours developed nations due to their advanced technological capabilities and robust legal frameworks, creating a significant imbalance. This dynamic stifles the growth potential of poorer nations, as they grapple with competing on an uneven playing field. Particularly, the agricultural sectors in developing countries encounter insurmountable challenges against heavily subsidized farms in the West, which sharply limits their market entry and profitability. Such disparities starkly underscore the skewed benefits of globalization, illustrating a cycle where the rich get richer, further marginalizing the economically disadvantaged nations.


Secondly, the palpable lack of infrastructure in developing countries forms a substantial barrier to their participation in the global economy. Without adequate transportation, comprehensive communication networks, and widespread access to technology, these nations are handicapped in effectively engaging in international trade. A particularly salient example of this divide is the digital gap, which isolates many from participating in the digital economy—a foundational pillar of contemporary globalization. As a result, while some regions experience rapid advancement through global connectivity, others are left grappling with their infrastructural deficits, unable to ascend to comparable levels of economic development.


In conclusion, the assertion that globalization has bypassed the poorer nations is not without merit. The challenges of unequal competition and infrastructural inadequacies not only persist but are exacerbated in the context of global trade. It is imperative, therefore, to foster a more equitable global system that truly enables all nations to share in the wealth of globalization, thus bridging the vast economic divide.


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Model Essay 2

Despite globalization's promise of economic integration, its benefits have disproportionately favored developed nations, sidelining the economic progress of poorer countries. I strongly disagree with the notion that globalization inherently fosters universal prosperity, as systemic economic barriers and the digital divide critically undermine the ability of less developed countries to benefit.


The architecture of the global economy inherently constructs hurdles for underdeveloped countries, primarily through trade policies and market access barriers. Developed countries, wielding significant influence in international trade agreements, often set terms that are disproportionately favorable to their interests. This situation is exemplified by stringent intellectual property laws, which can inhibit developing nations from accessing affordable medicines and technology. Furthermore, the requirement for high standards in goods production often excludes smaller economies from the trade equation due to their inability to comply. This systemic exclusion not only stifles economic growth in these regions but also widens the wealth gap between nations.


Moreover, the digital divide plays a critical role in amplifying disparities brought about by globalization. In an era where digital presence is synonymous with market access, the lack of internet infrastructure and digital literacy in poorer countries severely limits their participation in the global marketplace. For example, the burgeoning field of e-commerce offers vast opportunities for growth and integration into the global economy, yet many developing nations find themselves unable to participate due to these limitations. This divide not only hampers immediate economic opportunities but also impedes long-term development by restricting access to knowledge and innovation.


In conclusion, the promise of globalization remains unfulfilled for many developing countries, hindered by both systemic economic barriers and the widening digital divide. To truly realize the potential of global trade, it is imperative to address these challenges, ensuring that globalization becomes a conduit for inclusive growth rather than a source of increased disparity. This shift requires concerted efforts from all stakeholders in the global economy to foster a more equitable trading environment and bridge the digital chasm.


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Sample Essay 3

Despite substantial expansion in international commerce, various studies indicate that less affluent nations have failed to capitalize on the opportunities presented by globalization. I completely agree with this statement, and I strongly believe that disparities in the opportunities and resources are the main reasons behind this situation. I will delve into the issue throughout the essay.


To begin with, it is well established that globalization has created an interconnected global economy, where goods, services, and information are exchanged on a massive scale. However, despite this growth, many poor nations remain mired in poverty and economic hardship. The root cause of this disparity lies in the unequal distribution of resources and opportunities. The developed nations of the world have a distinct advantage, with access to capital, technology, and education, which enables them to better participate in the global economy. On the other hand, the developing nations often lack these basic resources, and as a result, are unable to compete and reap the benefits of globalization.


Furthermore, globalization has also led to an increase in income inequality between rich and poor nations. The rich nations are able to extract more value from the global economy, while the poor nations are left behind. For instance, multinational corporations often exploit the low labour costs in developing nations, resulting in a net outflow of wealth from these countries. This exacerbates the poverty and economic hardship faced by the citizens of these nations.


In conclusion, instead of revolutionary advancement of global trade, poor nations are failing to harness the advantages because of unequal distribution opportunities and the ever-widening income disparity between rich and poor countries.


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