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All Experimentation on Animals Is Bad And Should be Outlawed - IELTS Task 2 Band 9 Sample Essay


Some people argue that all experimentation on animals is bad and should be outlawed. However, others believe that important scientific discoveries can be made from animal experiments - IELTS Band 9 Essay


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Model Essay 1

The debate over animal experimentation is complex, pivoting on ethical considerations and the pursuit of scientific advancements. Proponents of animal testing argue that it is indispensable for developing medical treatments and ensuring safety in consumer products. However, opponents question its morality and the suffering it causes to animals, advocating for alternatives.


The use of animals in scientific research is often justified by the physiological similarities they share with humans. These similarities enable researchers to glean insights that are directly applicable to human conditions. For instance, studies involving non-human primates have been crucial in evolving our understanding of Parkinson's disease, significantly enhancing treatment options. Such research is generally considered essential during the initial phases of medical studies, aimed at assessing the safety and efficacy of new treatments before they are trialed in humans. This necessary step ensures that potential therapies have been rigorously tested, thereby safeguarding human health during clinical trials.


Despite the current necessity of animal testing in some areas of research, there is a growing emphasis on developing alternatives that could one day eliminate the need for animal subjects entirely. Innovations like sophisticated computer simulations and organ-on-a-chip technology are at the forefront of this shift. Organ-on-a-chip, for example, replicates human organ systems on microchips, enabling researchers to observe the effects of drugs on human tissues in real-time. This technology not only provides data that are potentially more relevant to humans but also reduces the reliance on animal testing. Such advancements underscore the scientific community's commitment to the '3Rs' principle - Reduce, Refine, and Replace - aiming to minimize and eventually end animal testing.


In conclusion, while the current scientific landscape still often requires animal testing, the development of alternative methods is imperative. By investing in and prioritizing these innovations, we can look forward to a future where animal testing is no longer necessary. This not only aligns with ethical standards but also enhances the applicability of research results to human health.


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Model Essay 2

The contentious issue of animal experimentation hinges on ethical concerns versus scientific benefits. This essay contends that while animal testing can be justified by its critical role in medical advancements, it is imperative to enforce stringent ethical guidelines and prioritize the development of alternative methods. The ensuing discussion will explore the necessity of such practices for medical progress and the evolving viability of non-animal testing techniques.


Firstly, the justification for animal testing primarily rests on its indispensability in advancing medical science. Many life-saving treatments, including insulin and vaccines, were developed through research involving animals. For instance, the polio vaccine, which has saved countless lives globally, was pioneered using non-human primates to study the disease's progression and test preliminary vaccine trials. Such examples underscore the argument that when human lives are at stake, animal experimentation can be considered a necessary albeit regrettable option. However, this necessity is contingent upon the absence of alternative methods that could achieve the same results without using animal subjects. Moreover, strict ethical guidelines must govern such experiments to minimize suffering and ensure that such measures are truly the last resort.


Secondly, the increasing availability and advancement of alternatives to animal testing highlight the potential for reducing reliance on animal subjects. Techniques such as in vitro testing, computer modeling, and the use of human cell cultures offer promising results without ethical compromises. For example, organs-on-chips technology uses human cells to simulate organ functions, allowing researchers to conduct experiments in ways that mimic human responses more accurately than animal testing. The adoption of these technologies not only enhances the ethical standards of research but also improves the reliability of scientific outcomes by reducing interspecies variability in test results. This shift not only reflects a more humane approach to research but also aligns with scientific advancements that could ultimately render animal testing obsolete.


In conclusion, while the necessity of animal testing in certain critical research areas remains, it is imperative that it is conducted with the utmost ethical standards and only when there are no suitable alternatives. Simultaneously, the development and validation of non-animal methods should be actively pursued to ensure that the scientific community moves towards more humane and scientifically robust research practices.


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Model Essay 3

It is undeniable that many research centres around the world still perform experiments on lab animals. Many people, especially animal lovers and pet owners, are against the practice. In my opinion, this movement against animal testing, though it is  noble and benevolent, is not yet one hundred percent achievable.


In order to make any product safe for human consumption, be it a next generation vaccine or a new type of cosmetic cream, the most reliable method to ensure its safety is to test it  thoroughly under stringent processes. In doing so, sometimes, this  inevitably includes exposing animals to these new products first. The main reason is  because some animals' biological markups are very similar to human beings, and we can achieve more accurate and direct results. For example, mice are used in research on Alzheimer’s diseases. Additionally, for some cases, we simply do not have a  technology advanced enough to test without live animals. Moreover, testing without live animals may drive up the research costs and make the end product's prices higher for the general public. 


However, this does not mean that we should continue this practice indefinitely and unnecessarily. First of all, governments should establish well-defined rules and regulations to ensure humane treatment of all animals used in research environments. This will help to provide a level of protection for the animals. Another measure is to outlaw animal testing on all non-essential products such as make-up and beauty products. Last but not least, research organizations should dedicate parts of their effort in advancing the research methodologies so that animal testing can one day be completely eliminated.


In conclusion, though removing the animal testing from the science and research field is not yet possible as of now, we can be kind towards animals by establishing strict welfare guidelines and supporting cruelty-free methods.


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