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In the Developed World, Average Life Expectancy is Increasing - IELTS Task 2 Sample Essay

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:


In the developed world, average life expectancy is increasing.

What problems will this cause for individuals and society?

Suggest some measures that could be taken to reduce the impact of ageing populations.


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experiences.


You should write at least 250 words.


IELTS Band 9 Sample Essay - In the developed world, average life expectancy is increasing.

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Sample Essay 1

In this modern world, people of advanced society are expected to live longer. However, this incredible development can cause some serious drawbacks like compromised work efficiency and extra burden on public medical fund, though a customized psychological support to senior workers and the introduction of a productivity boosting scheme can compensate this damage.


Workaholism and exponential rise of national medical cost are the key downsides of the increased life expectancy. First of all, time to retire for workers will be prolonged, meaning most people will spend more time coping with their tasks or colleagues rather than enjoying leisure time with their family members. In this way, pressure can be accumulated, and mental health will be damaged, and this constant strain can impair working efficiency in the long run; furthermore, governments will bear far more financial burden thanks to increasing elder workers. Young generations are inclined to late marriage or even reluctant to marry as they have to deal with huge life pressure, for example, high expenditure for raising children, gradually rising house prices and the ethical obligation to look after their parents.


However, introducing a stress release program for the workers and giving incentives for raising medical fund can address this issue. Companies should set up comprehensive systems to help employees relieve stress. For example, psychological counselling rooms can be considered to offer mental support for their senior workers. Besides, regular day off should be permitted for those who are stressed out. By bringing these into reality, not only can working productivity be boosted, but also the atmosphere in the workplace will become more harmonious. Moreover, motivational tools can be applied to encourage people to keep aside a good percentage of their income for medical issues, for instance, they might be offered higher returns of their savings on this purpose. This strategy could reduce government’s financial burden for the elderly sick people.


In conclusion, the problem of aging populations lies in manifold reasons, and efforts from companies and governments can be made for the sake of working out these difficulties.


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Sample Essay 2

In the modern era, the surge in life expectancy across developed nations brings to the forefront both challenges and opportunities. This essay contends that, although an aging demographic strains societal and economic structures, targeted and innovative measures can effectively alleviate these pressures, focusing on healthcare system adaptations and labor market strategies.


Firstly, one of the paramount concerns is the financial pressure on healthcare systems. As people live longer, the demand for chronic disease management, geriatric care, and palliative services escalates, straining public health resources significantly. This scenario necessitates a dual approach: enhancing healthcare efficiency through technological innovation, such as digital health records and telemedicine, and promoting preventive health measures to reduce the incidence of age-related diseases. For instance, Japan’s investment in robotics to care for its elderly and the emphasis on diet and exercise in Scandinavian countries exemplify practical measures to adeptly address these challenges.


Secondly, the aging population profoundly impacts the labor market and economic vitality. With a higher proportion of retirees, the workforce shrinks, leading to a potential decline in productivity and economic growth, which demands urgent attention. To counteract this, governments and corporations must adopt flexible retirement policies, encourage lifelong learning, and facilitate the integration of older individuals into the workforce, ensuring their invaluable experience is not lost. Germany’s initiatives to offer part-time work options for seniors and retraining programs illustrate effective strategies to harness the potential of an experienced workforce, thereby sustaining economic dynamism.


In conclusion, the aging demographic in developed countries presents considerable challenges. Yet, by embracing healthcare technology, preventive measures, and adaptable workforce policies, these issues can be effectively managed, transforming aging into an opportunity to capitalize on the wisdom and potential of older generations.


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Sample Essay 3

As the longevity revolution reshapes developed societies, it ushers in complexities for individuals and the fabric of society alike. This essay argues that while the burgeoning elderly population imposes considerable socio-economic burdens, strategic foresight and innovation can curtail these adversities, focusing on the rejuvenation of healthcare systems and the recalibration of the workforce.


Firstly, the escalating longevity intensifies the strain on healthcare infrastructures, necessitating an evolved response to meet the surge in demand for age-specific medical care. The financial sustainability of healthcare systems becomes precarious as the requirements for long-term care, chronic disease management, and end-of-life services expand. A strategic pivot towards technological advancements, such as AI-driven diagnostics and remote patient monitoring, coupled with a robust emphasis on preventive care, can streamline healthcare delivery and mitigate costs. The implementation of preventive health programs in countries like Singapore, which emphasizes healthy living and early disease detection, serves as a beacon for reducing the healthcare burden of aging populations.


Secondly, the demographic shift threatens economic vitality by shrinking the labor pool and skewing the dependency ratio unfavorably. This scenario demands innovative labor market policies to encourage the active participation of older adults. Flexible retirement schemes and the fostering of a culture of continuous learning are imperative to leverage the untapped potential of the senior demographic. For example, Sweden’s approach to upskilling older workers and facilitating their re-entry into the labor force underscores the potential of aging populations to contribute to economic resilience and growth.


In summary, the demographic tilt towards older age groups in developed nations presents formidable challenges. Nevertheless, through leveraging technological innovations in healthcare and redefining labor market participation for the elderly, societies can transform these challenges into opportunities for sustainable development. Embracing the aging population with adaptive strategies enables the harnessing of their experience and wisdom, paving the way for a more inclusive and robust society.


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