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Cars, Buses and Trucks will be Driverless, Travelling Inside These Vehicles will be Only Passengers

Updated: Apr 9

Write about the following topic:

In the future all cars, buses and trucks will be driverless. The only people travelling inside these vehicles will be passengers.

Do you think the advantages of driverless vehicles outweigh the disadvantages?


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experiences.


You should write at least 250 words.


IELTS Task 2 Essay Band 9 Sample based on the question prompt "In the future all cars, buses and trucks will be driverless. The only people travelling inside these vehicles will be passengers. Do you think the advantages of driverless vehicles outweigh the disadvantages?"

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Sample Essay 1

The advent of autonomous vehicles heralds a transformative era in transportation, envisaging a future where cars, buses, and trucks navigate without human intervention. This essay contends that the benefits of driverless vehicles, particularly in enhancing safety and optimizing traffic flow, substantially outweigh their potential drawbacks. The ensuing discussion will delve into the implications for road safety and traffic efficiency.


Primarily, the integration of driverless technology promises a significant reduction in traffic accidents, which are predominantly caused by human error. Autonomous vehicles, equipped with advanced sensors and artificial intelligence, can react to hazards more swiftly than a human driver, thereby mitigating the risk of collisions. For instance, Google's autonomous car project has demonstrated an exemplary safety record in trial phases, underscoring the potential for such technology to save lives. Moreover, driverless vehicles can communicate with each other to maintain optimal speed and distance, effectively reducing the incidences of traffic congestion and enhancing the overall flow on roadways.


Furthermore, the advent of autonomous transport systems offers the prospect of optimizing traffic management, leading to more efficient use of infrastructure and reduced environmental impact. Driverless vehicles can operate closer together and at higher speeds in a coordinated manner, maximizing road capacity and significantly curtailing traffic jams. This coordination could lead to smoother traffic patterns and lower emissions due to decreased idle times. Additionally, the increased efficiency and predictability in transportation networks can bolster economic productivity by reducing the time wasted in traffic, showcasing a profound impact beyond mere convenience.


In summary, despite challenges such as technological reliability and legal hurdles, the merits of driverless vehicles, notably in enhancing safety and improving traffic flow, are persuasive. They offer a significant reduction in road fatalities and the promise of transforming urban mobility into more efficient, less congested systems. Thus, the advantages of adopting autonomous vehicles decidedly eclipse the drawbacks, heralding a major leap towards a safer, more streamlined future in transportation.

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Sample Essay 2

The horizon of transportation is on the brink of a revolution with the advent of driverless technology, promising a landscape where vehicles operate without human drivers, ferrying passengers alone. This essay posits that the advantages, particularly in revolutionizing urban mobility and reducing environmental impact, significantly outshine the drawbacks. The focus will be on the transformation of urban spaces and the environmental benefits.


Driverless vehicles stand to redefine urban landscapes significantly by liberating vast tracts of land currently consumed by parking lots and garages. With these vehicles in constant use rather than sitting idle, cities can repurpose these areas to facilitate the creation of lush green spaces and vibrant pedestrian zones, thus markedly enhancing the quality of urban life. For example, Singapore's ambitious Smart Nation initiative aims to reduce the need for private vehicle ownership, envisioning a future city enriched with more green spaces and communal areas, made possible through the adoption of autonomous vehicles. This visionary approach exemplifies how driverless technology could transform urban environments, making them more livable and sustainable.


Furthermore, the environmental advantages of driverless cars are both profound and wide-reaching. By utilizing advanced algorithms to optimize routes, these vehicles can significantly reduce traffic congestion, thereby lowering emissions. Additionally, autonomous vehicles can accelerate the shift towards electric cars, as their efficient operation aligns perfectly with the charging requirements of electric batteries. In pioneering cities like Los Angeles, where pilot programs for autonomous, electric fleets are already making strides, early data suggests a potential reduction in carbon emissions by up to an impressive 60% with a full transition to these cleaner, more efficient fleets. This underscores the critical role driverless technology can play in achieving environmental sustainability goals and reducing our carbon footprint on a global scale.


In conclusion, despite potential cybersecurity and ethical challenges, the benefits of driverless vehicles - transforming urban spaces and enhancing environmental sustainability—are clear. They promise a future of efficient, eco-friendly transport, leading to more livable, greener cities. Thus, embracing driverless technology is a key step forward in solving today's urban and environmental issues.


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Sample Essay 3

While transportation revolution, driven by the relentless evolution of artificial intelligence, might introduce new concerns such as technological reliability and job displacement, the potential of these vehicles to significantly enhance road safety and boost productivity, coupled with the emergence of new job opportunities in sectors related to autonomous technology, solidifies my belief that the advantages of this transportation revolution outweigh the associated drawbacks.


Delving into the potential pitfalls first, one major apprehension is the reliability of this advanced technology. For instance, a glitch in the machine learning algorithms or sensor systems that guide these autonomous vehicles could have catastrophic implications for passenger safety and broader traffic flow. In addition, the transition towards driverless vehicles could significantly impact the livelihood of those employed in the transportation industry, from taxi drivers to truck operators. This abrupt shift could exacerbate unemployment rates and subsequently stir social unrest. Nonetheless, juxtaposing these challenges with the benefits offered by autonomous vehicles offers a brighter outlook.


Technological concerns, while valid, are mitigated by the fact that meticulously maintained machines are less error-prone than humans, who often cause accidents due to driving under the influence, fatigue, or distraction. Thus, autonomous vehicles could contribute markedly to road safety enhancement. Additionally, self-driving vehicles could revolutionize productivity. Freed from the necessity to drive, professionals could utilize travel time for work tasks. A recent McKinsey study predicts productivity gains equivalent to 50 minutes per person per day with widespread adoption of autonomous vehicles. In addition, the technological shift causing job displacement is undoubtedly a pressing concern. However, history shows that when certain jobs become obsolete, new opportunities arise. The autonomous vehicle industry could create jobs in areas like data analysis, vehicle servicing, and software development.


In conclusion, despite apprehensions regarding technology reliability and job losses, I maintain that, with prudent regulation, autonomous vehicles hold the potential to significantly improve road safety and productivity. Therefore, while cars, buses and trucks will be driverless, the transition to this phase will promise a safer and more efficient journey in the future.


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Sample Essay 4

As we witness the relentless march of technology, the prophecy of fully autonomous vehicles becoming the norm rather than an exception looms on the horizon. Despite the plausible challenges that this transition might present, I am firmly convinced that the potential benefits engendered by driverless vehicles profoundly outweigh the attendant disadvantages.


One of the fundamental challenges of this evolution pertains to the reliability of artificial intelligence. A slight malfunction in the system, such as a flaw in the navigation algorithms or sensor technology, could have dire implications for passenger safety and could disrupt the harmony of traffic flow. Furthermore, the tidal wave of automation threatens to engulf countless jobs in the transportation industry, potentially triggering spikes in unemployment and consequent social instability.


Nevertheless, these prospective impediments should be assessed in the context of the transformative advantages offered by autonomous vehicles. Technological worries, albeit valid, can be alleviated by the reality that machine errors, assuming regular maintenance and software updates, are substantially less frequent than human-induced accidents. Current traffic mishaps primarily stem from human fallibility, such as impaired or distracted driving. Autonomous vehicles, devoid of these frailties, could significantly elevate road safety standards.


Moreover, the dawn of self-driving vehicles could herald an era of unparalleled productivity. Liberated from the reins of the steering wheel, individuals could effectively utilise travel time for personal or professional purposes. A study by Stanford University suggests that the widespread adoption of autonomous vehicles could potentially save billions of productive hours annually. Furthermore, the challenge of job displacement, while significant, could trigger the emergence of new, unforeseen employment sectors, such as advanced vehicle maintenance, autonomous vehicle route management, and data analysis related to autonomous transport.


In conclusion, although the advent of autonomous vehicles presents genuine concerns pertaining to technological reliability and job loss, the potential for significant enhancements in road safety and productivity, coupled with the emergence of new employment sectors, tips the balance in favour of this technological revolution.



Sample Essay 5

There is a belief that some land vehicles such as cars, buses and lorries will serve without any drivers in the coming years. So, people in these machines will just be passengers. This situation may result in a lack of job opportunity  and immediate intervention. In contrast, transferring drivers’ salaries into other areas and decreasing traffic accidents are essential benefits. In my opinion, considering these positive effects the advantages of non-driver vehicles outweigh the disadvantages.


Firstly, driverless vehicles mean to lose job for some people. In this case, it will hard to learn a new skill to afford living costs and it cannot be achieved in a short term. To be more precise, most drivers non-university graduates and they do not have any option to work except their current jobs. Secondly, there may not be any individuals to take action in an emergency such as heart attack in order to not only do first-aid, but also take to the hospital as soon as possible.


On the other hand, it is an advantage to invest in other areas such as proper vehicle maintenance and purchasing environment-friendly ones. Thus, it will be more beneficial for society in the long term. These investments will be possible because there will not be any drivers who must be paid wages. Additionally, the most important benefit of this attempt is the possibility of less traffic accidents. According to a survey which was done globally by Allianz,  being sleepy and exhausted are mostly the reasons for car crashes. The rate of accidents can be decreased by eliminating drivers from the traffic.


In conclusion, there is  an increasing trend to release into the market driverless vehicles. Although there are drawbacks such as less job positions and a lack of expert in emergent cases in vehicles, advantages, namely decreased traffic accidents and increased investments, outweigh disadvantages. 


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