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As major cities around the world are growing, so are their problems.....(IELTS Band 9 Sample Essay)

Updated: Aug 12, 2023

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:


As major cities around the world are growing, so are their problems.

What are these problems for young people living in cities?

What are possible solutions for these problems?


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experiences.


You should write at least 250 words.


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Task 2 Band 9 Essay Sample (As major cities around the world are growing, so are their problems.)

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IELTS Task 2 Band 9 Sample Essay

The exponential rise of metropolis with their ever-expending population and industries is putting young residents into a challenging situation. This age group is struggling with stable source of income and sky-high accommodation cost simultaneously. However, finding alternative sources of work and resorting to public subsidization policy could address these issues effectively.

For many young people, the main problem of living in large cities is the pressure to obtain a job. The fast-growing economic development of major cities and the higher wages in urban areas attract many workers from different parts of a country. As a result of this, the job market has become highly competitive and young adults are confronting extreme adversities to secure a good-paying employment. Moreover, the pressure of finding a job may cause detriments to the mental health of young workers such as depression, anxiety and stress. Another problem is that the growth of major metropolis might lead to a dramatic increase in housing price. For many young employees with an average level of monthly salary, it is a great challenge for them to have enough savings to purchase a property in a city. Considering this sky-high housing cost, the young generation is opting to borrow from banks instead of saving money. However, the fluctuation in borrowing rate and the down payment of a house may cause a perennial financial burden for the young city dwellers.

When it comes to eradicate the problems described above, both individuals and governments have roles to play. Instead of competing for a job in the city, young adults could choose a different place to develop their career where there are inexpensive living cost and lower competition. Small cities, the countryside and foreign countries, for example, are potential places for the youngsters to find work and grow. Another measure is that the government could provide incentives for young people if they decide to purchase their first home. For instance, land tax reduction and subsidized home loans provided by the government could ease the financial burden that many young home buyers are bearing.

To conclude, living in major cities may cause financial strains and housing problems for the young dwellers. However, finding work life beyond the urban zone and availing governmental support for housing finance could manage this scenario effectively.


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