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Comparing Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Four Countries - Task 1 Line Graph Reports

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The line graph below compares the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in four countries in billions of US dollar.


Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.


Write at least 150 words.


Comparing Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Four Countries - Task 1 Line Graph Reports

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Model Answer 1 (Band 9)

The graphic illustration presents a comparison of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) measured in billions of U.S. dollars for four distinct nations, charted annually from 2010 to 2015.


Overviewing the data, it is clear that Malaysia's GDP not only started at the highest point but also continued to dominate over the period, despite a minor decline after its zenith in 2014. Meanwhile, Nepal’s economic growth is depicted as a horizontal line, indicative of an unchanging GDP throughout the six years.


Detailing the trends, in 2010, Malaysia's GDP was estimated at just under 270 billion dollars, setting it apart from its contemporaries. Pakistan followed with an initial GDP of approximately 180 billion dollars, surpassing Bangladesh by a margin of 70 billion. Nepal's economy was delineated by a negligible GDP of only 10 billion dollars. Over the subsequent years, Malaysia's economic output expanded progressively until 2014, after which it slightly decreased to 300 billion in 2015. Pakistan exhibited a steady increase in its GDP, accelerating noticeably between 2014 and 2015, nearly equating with Malaysia's economic measure.


Bangladesh, on the other hand, showcased an incremental yet significant economic growth, with its GDP almost doubling within the five-year timeframe. In stark contrast, Nepal's GDP consistently flatlined, maintaining a static position at 10 billion dollars, thereby emphasizing the disparate economic progressions among the countries represented.


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Model Answer 2 (Band 9)

The line graph delineates the trajectory of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in four distinct countries, quantified in billions of U.S. dollars, over a span from 2010 to 2015.


At a glance, the most striking feature is Malaysia's dominant GDP, outstripping its counterparts throughout the period, although it experienced a slight decline after peaking in 2014. Conversely, Nepal's economic output is portrayed as a flat line, indicating no discernible growth in its GDP.


Delving into specifics, Malaysia commenced the decade with 270 billion dollar GDP mark, leading the quartet. Pakistan trailed with a GDP of nearly 180 billion, surpassing Bangladesh's output by approximately 70 billion. Nepal's economy was markedly smaller, with a GDP anchored at a modest 10 billion. Over the ensuing years, Malaysia's GDP displayed an ascending trajectory, cresting at 300 billion in 2014 before experiencing a minor retraction the following year. Pakistan's GDP, although starting lower, exhibited a steady ascent, with a noticeable surge between 2014 and 2015, positioning it tantalizingly close to Malaysia's figures.


Bangladesh's economic growth unfolded progressively, with its GDP virtually doubling over the five-year period, reflecting a robust upward trend. In stark contrast, Nepal's GDP line is a study in stasis, with no fluctuations, firmly entrenched at the 10 billion dollar threshold. This stark constancy in Nepal's GDP, amidst the dynamic shifts observed in the other nations, underscores the varied economic landscapes depicted in the graph.


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Model Answer 3 (Band 9)

The provided graph offers a comparative analysis of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in four countries, revealing the economic growth in billions of U.S. dollars from 2010 to 2015.


In terms of overarching trends, Malaysia’s GDP leads significantly, exhibiting an overall increase despite a slight downturn after its peak in 2014. In contrast, Nepal’s economic output remains consistently flat, with no increments observed throughout the six-year period.


Malaysia’s economic landscape at the outset of the decade stood at a formidable 270 billion U.S. dollars, dwarfing the economic outputs of Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal. Pakistan's economy was noteworthy as well, with its GDP at 180 billion dollars, which was significantly higher than Bangladesh's. The latter started at a GDP noticeably lower than Pakistan’s but managed to enhance its economic stature over time. Nepal’s economy, however, was recorded at a minimal 10 billion dollars, a figure which remained unchanged over the years, depicting a static economic condition.


Throughout the half-decade window, Malaysia’s GDP saw a progressive climb, peaking at 300 billion before a minor retraction, yet it stayed ahead of its peers. The GDP in Pakistan showed a moderate yet consistent upward movement, with a marked increase between 2014 and 2015, bringing it close to Malaysia’s economic standing. Bangladesh’s GDP demonstrated a commendable doubling, reflecting economic resilience and growth. Amidst these evolving economies, Nepal’s unchanging GDP serves as a reminder of the diverse and dynamic nature of global economic developments.


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