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Governments Should Spend on Faster Means of Public Transport, or on Other Priorities? -Task 2 Band 9

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:


Some people think governments should spend money on faster means of public transport. However, others think money should be spent on other priorities.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experiences.


You should write at least 250 words.


Task 2 Band 9 Sample Essay (Governments should spend money on faster means of public transport.)

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Model Essay 1

In the modern era, the debate on whether government expenditure should prioritize the acceleration of public transport systems or channel funds into other significant areas remains contentious. Advocates of enhanced public transportation argue for its efficiency and environmental benefits, while opponents urge a focus on alternative priorities such as healthcare and education. This essay explores both perspectives, ultimately endorsing the balanced allocation of resources.


Proponents of investing in faster public transport systems emphasize the multifaceted advantages it brings. Primarily, it significantly reduces commute times, enabling individuals to dedicate more time to personal and professional pursuits, thereby enhancing productivity and quality of life. Moreover, rapid transit options such as high-speed trains and electric buses offer a greener alternative to private vehicles, mitigating carbon emissions and combatting urban air pollution. For instance, the introduction of the Shinkansen in Japan has not only revolutionized travel within the country but has also set a global benchmark for efficient and sustainable public transportation.


Conversely, critics argue that government funds should address more pressing societal needs. The augmentation of healthcare services, educational facilities, and affordable housing, they contend, would have a more immediate and profound impact on the populace's well-being. An investment in these sectors is seen as foundational, ensuring a healthier, more educated society capable of contributing effectively to economic growth and social stability. The case of Scandinavian countries, where extensive investment in social services has resulted in high levels of societal well-being, underscores this argument.


In summary, investing in faster public transport has clear merits, yet it's imperative to balance this with enhancements in social services. A holistic strategy that values both infrastructure and societal health is key to a progressive society. Effective resource allocation can ensure transport improvements complement, rather than overshadow, essential social needs.


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Model Essay 2

The question of optimal governmental expenditure, especially between enhancing public transportation speeds and addressing alternative societal demands, is a polarizing issue. This essay argues for a nuanced investment strategy that considers both the immediate benefits of swift public transport and the long-term advantages of funding other essential services. It will explore the tangible impacts of both investment paths on society's progress and well-being.


On one hand, accelerating public transportation infrastructure can significantly ease daily commutes, markedly reducing travel time and environmental strain. For instance, cities like Seoul have witnessed a remarkable transformation in urban mobility and a substantial reduction in carbon footprints following the expansion of their efficient, high-speed public transport networks. This development not only improves individual productivity but also contributes to the broader goal of sustainable urban development. Moreover, enhanced public transport systems can stimulate economic growth by improving access to jobs and education, illustrating a direct, tangible benefit to societal advancement and fostering a more interconnected urban environment.


Conversely, allocating funds to sectors such as health, education, and housing addresses fundamental human needs and rights, laying a solid foundation for a resilient and educated populace. Investments in these areas can lead to long-term societal benefits, including higher life expectancy, reduced inequality, and a more skilled workforce, thus nurturing a stronger, more equitable society. For example, countries like Finland, which prioritize education and healthcare, consistently enjoy high standards of living and social cohesion, demonstrating the profound, lasting impact of such investments on societal health and stability, and setting a global benchmark for social welfare.


In summary, the benefits of rapid public transport are clear, yet the critical need for health, education, and housing investment remains paramount. A strategic, balanced resource allocation between these priorities is essential for a holistic and sustainable societal development, ensuring progress in infrastructure does not overshadow fundamental social services.


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Model Essay 3

In the contemporary debate on governmental allocation of funds, opinions diverge between enhancing public transport systems and addressing alternative priorities. This essay advocates for the strategic investment in public transportation, arguing that its benefits in reducing urban congestion and boosting economic productivity outweigh financial and environmental concerns. These pivotal areas—traffic alleviation and economic enhancement, alongside counterarguments, will be explored.


The first significant advantage of investing in public transportation is its profound capacity to alleviate urban congestion. By offering a viable and efficient alternative to private vehicles, cities can experience a dramatic decrease in traffic volumes, leading to markedly shorter travel times and significantly lower stress levels for daily commuters. This shift not only enhances the urban living experience but also contributes to a healthier environment. For instance, cities like Copenhagen have seen a marked improvement in traffic flow and a substantial decrease in pollution levels after expanding their innovative bike-sharing program, illustrating the potential of well-thought-out public transport initiatives to transform urban environments into more livable and sustainable spaces.


Furthermore, the economic benefits of an efficient public transport system are manifold and substantial. An accessible and reliable network can significantly enhance productivity by reducing the time workers spend commuting, thus increasing the available workforce and stimulating economic growth. This dynamic has a ripple effect on the economy, fostering job creation and attracting businesses. For example, the introduction of high-speed rail services in regions has been shown to boost local economies by improving access to jobs and widening the labor market, thereby attracting more businesses and investment. Such infrastructure investments not only benefit the immediate area but also have the potential to rejuvenate surrounding regions, demonstrating the extensive economic advantages of public transportation developments.


In conclusion, investing in public transport is a judicious use of government funds, significantly easing congestion and spurring economic growth. Despite financial and environmental hurdles, innovative and sustainable solutions can mitigate these concerns, underscoring the essential role of public transport in contemporary urban development.



Model Essay 4

While there is a contingent that believes government expenditure should be prioritized for the development of high-speed public transportation, others argue for the diversion of these resources to other critical concerns, such as cost reduction and environmental preservation. Although faster transportation can certainly enhance citizens' quality of life by diminishing commute times, my conviction lies in addressing more pressing transport issues, including the escalating costs and the environmental ramifications.


The reduction in travel time can indeed have a profound societal impact. By decreasing time spent on buses, trains, or trams, urban dwellers can gain additional leisure time, providing opportunities to spend more time with family, engage in recreational activities or even pursue side-lined interests due to time constraints. This could lead to an overall enhancement of societal well-being. A prime example of this is Hong Kong's high-speed rail system, which has significantly reduced travel times and is highly appreciated by the populace.


However, while the issue of slow journeys is certainly a significant concern governments aim to tackle, there are other equally pressing problems that demand attention, such as spiralling transportation costs and their contribution to global warming. It is incumbent upon us to divert public resources towards the development of eco-friendly transportation, which can help reduce our carbon footprint and contain transportation costs. For instance, the introduction of electric buses or solar-powered railways not only aids in the conservation of the natural environment but also allows the government to allocate financial resources to other pressing matters such as mental health and elderly care issues.


In conclusion, while the benefits of reduced commute times cannot be ignored, the potentially negative implications associated with cost and environmental degradation must also be taken into account. It is within the government's purview to introduce measures to manage costs effectively and implement environmentally friendly practices for public transportation. In doing so, we can ensure that citizens are able to complete their journeys in a manner that is both financially and ecologically sustainable.


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