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Individuals Over 65 Should Not Be Allowed to Continue Working - IELTS Task 2 Essay

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:


Many people believe that individuals over 65 should not be allowed to continue working. Others think that people should be allowed to work for as long as they choose.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experiences.


You should write at least 250 words.


IELTS Band 9 Sample Essay - Many people believe that individuals over 65 should not be allowed to continue working. Others think that people should be allowed to work for as long as they choose.

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Model Essay 1

The debate surrounding the appropriate retirement age is multifaceted, with opinions divided between those advocating for a mandatory retirement age of 65 and others championing the freedom to work indefinitely. This essay explores both perspectives, ultimately endorsing the latter view for its respect for individual choice and potential societal benefits.


Proponents of a set retirement age argue that it ensures generational turnover in the workforce, providing fresh opportunities for younger employees. This perspective posits that as individuals age, their physical and cognitive abilities may decline, potentially compromising job performance in certain roles. Furthermore, a predetermined retirement age is seen as a reward for a lifetime of labor, offering a deserved period of rest and personal fulfillment beyond work.


Conversely, the notion that individuals should work as long as they wish challenges the assumption that age uniformly impacts capability. This argument emphasizes the diversity of aging experiences and the value of wisdom and experience older workers bring to the workplace. In sectors where skill and knowledge outweigh physical demands, the contributions of older employees can be invaluable. Moreover, continuing to work can support mental and physical health by fostering a sense of purpose and belonging.


I align with the perspective that supports working indefinitely, contingent on one's ability and desire to do so. This approach respects personal autonomy and recognizes the varied pace at which individuals age. It also capitalizes on the wealth of experience older workers offer, which can be particularly beneficial in advisory or mentorship roles. Importantly, this stance does not preclude younger generations from advancing but encourages a more integrated and inclusive workforce.


In conclusion, while the argument for a fixed retirement age centers on fairness and tradition, the benefits of allowing individuals to work as long as they choose—both for the individuals themselves and for society—make a compelling case. This approach fosters a culture of respect for personal choice and acknowledges the significant contributions that individuals can continue to make at any age.


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Model Essay 2

The contention over the retirement age presents a complex dialogue between those advocating for a mandatory cessation at 65 and proponents of indefinite employment based on individual choice. This essay will dissect both viewpoints before articulating a stance that champions the latter, for its respect towards personal agency and the potential societal enrichment it harbors.


Advocates for a mandatory retirement age contend that setting a universal benchmark at 65 facilitates the cyclic rejuvenation of the workforce, thereby making room for the ascension of younger talent. This perspective not only envisions retirement as a well-earned respite after decades of contribution but also raises concerns about the potential diminishment in productivity and adaptability amongst older workers, who may struggle to keep pace with rapidly evolving job landscapes.


Contrarily, the argument favoring employment at personal discretion underscores the subjective nature of aging, suggesting that the ability and enthusiasm to contribute professionally do not diminish uniformly with age. This approach values the profound depth of experience and nuanced understanding older individuals bring to their roles, arguing that their continued participation in the workforce can enhance innovation and mentorship. It also posits that work can provide older adults with a continued sense of purpose and belonging, vital for mental and physical health.


My standpoint aligns with the latter argument, advocating for the right to work as long as one is able and willing. This perspective honors the diversity of aging experiences and acknowledges the significant, varied contributions older individuals can make. By promoting a model of inclusivity, we pave the way for a workforce that leverages the collective strengths across generations.


In sum, while the proposal of a fixed retirement age aims to usher in fresh talent, the benefits of empowering individuals to work according to their capacity and desire far outweigh such considerations. Embracing a flexible approach to retirement not only enriches the workforce with a wealth of experience but also fosters a culture of respect and autonomy, crucial for a dynamic and inclusive society.


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Model Essay 3

There is a debate whether people at the age of 65 and older should be forced to quit or allowed to continue working as long as they want. Though the compulsory retirement age would allow younger generations to start a career more easily, as many would need to leave the professional market every year, having a job is not just working, rather it is a way to keep up our mental health which I personally agree.


With the growing tendency of older people’s not to prefer retiring, younger generations are facing difficulties in finding jobs, because a large number of professional positions are occupied by the age group of 65 and above. Due to this, some people say that as they have the option to retire, they are just taking an opportunity from a younger professional. For instance, the company that I work for had a woman who was 68 years old until she retired last year. In order to fill her position, someone 20 years younger was hired. In short, the people who affirm that having a limit age to work have a fair argument that is often confirmed to be true. Although they do not consider the impacts of the lack of work.


Despite having the option to not work anymore, many experienced professionals are so used to have a routine that they cannot adapt to something new. This brutal change can impact their mental health as they have too much spare time without knowing or having what to do with it. As an example, my grandmother retired when she was 70 years old, but she had to resume her career after just one year as she often felt lonely and bored. That is why, many people cannot accept a new life after decades of a constant routine and dense social interaction with other co-workers.


To conclude, it is understandable that some people defend the compulsory retirement due to its benefits for the professional market. But I strongly believe that people should never be forced to do something that may be mentally harmful for them.


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