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Problem that is Affecting Countries Across the Globe is the Lack of drinking Water - Task 2 Band 9

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:


A serious problem affecting countries right across the globe is the lack of water for drinking, washing and other household uses.

Why do many countries face water shortages, and what could be done to alleviate the problem?


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experiences.


You should write at least 250 words.


Task 2 Band 9 Essay Sample (A serious problem affecting countries right across the globe is the lack of water for drinking, washing and other household uses. )

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Sample Essay 1

In today’s world, countries are increasingly facing sever lack of water for their daily usage. A continuous rise of global warming is the root cause behind this scarcity; however, self-awareness regarding environmentally hazardous activities can address this issue effectively. I am going to elucidate the idea in detail.


Our reckless chemical usage is resulting in increased global warming which is one of the major reasons behind the household water shortage. We are constantly introducing air polluting chemicals, such as, carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides and applying heavy metals such as as mercury, cadmium and lead along with pesticide and herbicide. All these compounds work in synergy with each other and heavily release carbon dioxide in the air. These thoughtless activities are severely raising global warming which is causing increased temperature, abnormal climate cycle, irregular rainfalls, and droughts in various regions. As a result, people are increasingly suffering from the lack of water to meet their minimum household needs.


However, properly maintaining the disposals of non-biodegradable items at individual level could be a smart measure to curb this issue. This would improve the environment by boosting the efficient recycling of plastics and metals. In fact, large amount of pollution could be easily controlled if each of the citizen contributes towards maintaining a low emission atmosphere and restricts the usage of hazardous chemical compounds. For instance, most of the Europe's environment has no pollution, as numerous citizens have opted for automobiles running on green fuels, and they have controlled the usage of polluting elements. Therefore, it is about the mindset of the people that needs to be transformed to save the environment which eventually determines our freshwater availability.


In conclusion, excessive global warming causes a lack of water in many countries. However, practicing environmentally friendly activities at individual level can effectively reduce this impact.


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Sample Essay 2

The escalating crisis of water scarcity has emerged as a formidable challenge that transcends national boundaries, afflicting numerous countries with the dire predicament of inadequate access to essential water for drinking, sanitation, and other domestic requirements. This essay aims to dissect the multifaceted reasons underpinning this global water shortage and propose viable solutions to mitigate its impact.


At the crux of the water crisis are factors such as climate change, which has intensified droughts and altered precipitation patterns, and rampant industrialization, which consumes vast quantities of water while also polluting freshwater sources. Additionally, inefficient water management and infrastructure in many regions exacerbate the situation, leading to significant losses and limited distribution capacities. For instance, in agriculture, which accounts for a substantial portion of freshwater usage, outdated irrigation techniques result in considerable water wastage.


To address these challenges, a multipronged strategy is imperative. Firstly, the adoption of advanced irrigation technologies and water-efficient practices in agriculture can drastically reduce consumption. Countries like Israel have pioneered in this domain, showcasing how drip irrigation and water recycling can bolster efficiency. Secondly, enhancing water management and infrastructure, through investments in modern pipelines and treatment facilities, can curtail losses and improve supply. Moreover, policies aimed at protecting and rehabilitating natural water sources can ensure long-term sustainability.


In conclusion, the water scarcity crisis necessitates urgent and concerted efforts to overhaul our approach to water usage and management. By embracing innovative technologies, improving infrastructure, and enforcing protective measures, we can forge a path towards alleviating this global challenge. Such endeavours not only secure our present needs but also safeguard water resources for future generations.


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Sample Essay 3

Water scarcity is a pressing issue that plagues nations worldwide, depriving communities of essential resources for drinking, sanitation, and daily chores. This predicament arises from a combination of environmental, economic, and policy-related challenges. In addressing this crisis, it is imperative to explore its root causes and implement multifaceted strategies aimed at sustainable water management and consumption.


The genesis of water shortages can be attributed primarily to climatic changes and human activities. Global warming has intensified droughts and reduced rainfall patterns in various regions, leading to depleted water sources. Concurrently, urbanization and population growth have escalated demand, stretching the availability of freshwater resources thin. Additionally, agricultural practices, which consume a substantial portion of the world's freshwater, often lack efficiency, further exacerbating the scarcity.


To mitigate this crisis, a two-pronged approach is essential. Firstly, technological innovation and infrastructure development can enhance water supply and distribution. The adoption of water recycling and desalination technologies offers promising avenues for augmenting water availability. For instance, countries like Israel have successfully implemented state-of-the-art water reclamation systems, serving as a model for water-stressed nations. Secondly, policy and community engagement play a critical role. Governments must enact and enforce regulations promoting water conservation and equitable distribution. Public awareness campaigns and educational programs can cultivate a culture of conservation, encouraging individuals and businesses to adopt water-saving practices.


In conclusion, the water scarcity issue demands urgent and concerted efforts from global to local levels. By understanding the multifaceted causes and adopting innovative solutions coupled with robust policy measures, the world can navigate towards a future where water, a fundamental human right, is accessible to all. Through collaborative endeavour and commitment, we can ensure that the wellspring of life remains abundant for generations to come.


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