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Population of some countries includes a relatively large number of young adults- Task 2 Essay Band 9

Updated: Mar 16

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:


At the present time, the population of some countries includes a relatively large number of young adults, compared with the number of older people.

Do the advantages of this situation outweigh the disadvantages?


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experiences.


You should write at least 250 words.


Task 2 Essay Band 9 Sample Answer - At the present time, the population of some countries includes a relatively large number of young adults, compared with the number of older people.

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Model Essay 1

In numerous nations today, a demographic tilt towards a younger population is observable, as opposed to a more aged demographic. This phenomenon, while presenting unique challenges, predominantly heralds a plethora of opportunities that, in my view, surpass the associated drawbacks. The crux of this essay will delve into the dynamism and innovation brought forth by a youthful populace and the potential strains on societal infrastructure, before affirming the overall advantage of such a demographic composition.


Primarily, a youthful demographic infuses a nation with vibrancy and innovation, serving as the bedrock of a thriving, forward-looking society. Young adults, being at the zenith of their creative prowess, drive technological advancements and foster entrepreneurial ventures that are crucial for economic diversification. For instance, Silicon Valley's tech boom, a testament to the ingenuity and ambition of its young, dynamic workforce, has not only created myriad employment opportunities but also propelled the United States to the forefront of the global digital economy. This demographic's propensity for risk-taking, coupled with an unparalleled adaptability, underpins a culture of continuous improvement and economic expansion, laying a robust foundation for future prosperity and setting a benchmark for global innovation trends.


Conversely, the preponderance of young adults can exert pressure on educational and employment infrastructures, potentially leading to heightened competition for resources and job opportunities, thus presenting a complex challenge for policy planners and educators alike. However, this challenge is mitigated by the inherent capacity of a youthful society to adapt and evolve, making it an engine for societal transformation. Proactive investment in education and skill development, meticulously tailored to the emerging demands of the global market, can transform these potential drawbacks into opportunities. By doing so, it ensures that the workforce remains competitive and versatile, while also innovatively meeting societal needs, thereby crafting a resilient economic landscape that is prepared to navigate the uncertainties of the future.


In conclusion, the demographic shift towards a younger population undoubtedly poses challenges, yet the overarching benefits—stemming from innovation and economic vitality—far exceed these issues. Young adults' capacity for driving change and adapting ensures not only immediate advantages but also a resilient and flourishing future for their communities.


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Model Essay 2

Today's demographic landscape in several countries showcases a notable tilt towards a younger populace, juxtaposed with fewer older individuals. This shift, albeit fraught with challenges, primarily augurs well for societal progress and innovation, far outweighing any potential disadvantages. The essence of this discourse will revolve around the vitality and fresh perspectives young adults contribute to societal development, and the consequent demands placed on infrastructural resources, ultimately underscoring the demographic shift's overall positive impact.


The infusion of young adults into the societal fabric injects a dynamic force of creativity and adaptability, pivotal for driving technological advancements and spearheading novel entrepreneurial endeavors. For example, the vibrant startup ecosystem in Bangalore, often hailed as India's Silicon Valley, thrives on the ingenuity and resilience of its youthful population. These young minds not only challenge the status quo but also lay the groundwork for a future replete with groundbreaking innovations, thereby catalyzing economic growth and enhancing global competitiveness. Their enthusiasm and willingness to embrace change serve as a catalyst for societal transformation, paving the way for advancements that span across various sectors, from technology to sustainable development.


However, this demographic trend also strains existing educational and employment systems, as the surge in young adults vies for limited opportunities and resources. Yet, such challenges prompt the reevaluation and strengthening of these very systems, encouraging investments in education and vocational training that are aligned with the evolving job market. By fostering a culture of lifelong learning and adaptability, societies can better equip their youth to navigate future uncertainties, turning potential challenges into stepping stones for progress.


In summation, the increasing prevalence of a youthful demographic offers a promising avenue for societal advancement through innovation and adaptability, significantly outweighing the logistical challenges it presents. This demographic pivot not only enriches the societal tapestry with fresh ideas and energy but also ensures a resilient and prosperous future through the continuous evolution of its people and systems.


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Model Essay 3

Nowadays, some countries’ young adult population is way higher than that of elderly people. Though it comes at the cost of cultural preservation as the older people are more concerned about the heritage and identity, a country with a larger share of young people definitely enjoys advantages in terms of robust workforce and modern economic development.


Young people are engines of a national economic development. This age group consists of main workforce, and they are more adaptable to the ever-changing science and technological innovation that results in economic opportunities. In fact, young minds are more confident to take risks on undertaking daunting tasks, and eventually they are the ones who are coming up with global leading entrepreneurships that generates massive employments and economic growth for their countries. For instance, SpaceX, Tesla, Facebook etc. revolutionary companies were launched by young energetic people, and they have been contributing incredibly to their countries’ economy development.


However, lower share of aged population could risk a country’s cultural and identical heritages, because old people are more aware of these issues. Senior people passionately tend to pass their ethnical and lingual uniqueness to the next generations. In fact, cultural individuality is one of the key features of a country’s standout presentation in the global arena, and if there is a significantly lower number of old people, this feature might face the threat of extinction.


In conclusion, though the older citizens are more aware of practicing and passing the cultural identity to the next generations, the young people are at the heart of overall economic development because they are more talented in terms of undertaking dynamic challenges and harnessing diverse economic opportunities.



Sample Essay 4

Nowadays, in some nations there is a large young population compared with that one formed by older people. There are both benefits and drawbacks of this situation because, even though a great number of young people in a country can boost its economy, this comes at the cost of people’s wise attitude and of overall security.


It is undeniable, that a great number of young people can boost a country’s economy by a reduction of its national debt, and by more people involved in active jobs. In fact, the pension scheme is considered the most important cause of the steep rise of the national debt of that nations in which there is a large number of old individuals, due to monthly payments made by government to retired people. In addition, a younger population, engaged in many jobs, such as manufacturing, services and any kind of intellectual work, can really let a country thrive, due to a stronger economy, and to more scientific progress.


On the contrary, a large young population can affect society, due to a less wise approach to adversities, and to an increased crime rate. This is especially true if we consider that when we are older, we develop more empathy, becoming more compassionate in general. Moreover, impatience, typical of young age, can have a detrimental impact on society because it can lead to lack of capacity to tackle difficulties, such as economic adversities, causing in some cases riots too. In addition, especially in these hurdles, there is also a crime rate surge, which can really endanger life of many people. Furthermore, an increased number of crimes can seriously damage economy of a country and cause a decline of jobs available.


In conclusion, although it comes at the cost of a smooth social interaction and safety, a large young population can boost economic and scientific progress. Weighing in all the options, I think that a great number of young people can really let a country flourish.


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