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The Main Environmental Problem is the Loss of Particular Species of Plants and Animals-Task 2 Band 9

Updated: Aug 29, 2023

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:


Some people say that the main environmental problem of our time is the loss of particular species of plants and animals. Others say that there are more important environmental problems.

Discuss both these views and give your opinion.


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experiences.


You should write at least 250 words.


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IELTS Task 2 Essay Band 9 Sample - Some people say that the main environmental problem of our time is the loss of particular species of plants and animals. Others say that there are more important environmental problems.

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IELTS Task 2 Band 9 Sample Essay

It is argued by many that extinction of any particular plant or animal is the major environmental concern, while other groups, including myself, believe that there are some more serious environmental issues, such as global warming and water pollution, that we should address first.


Losing particular kinds of flora and fauna is an obvious environmental problem because it can distort the ecological balance, which is all about the natural coexistence between living organisms such as human being, plants, and animals as well as their environment. When the natural balance breaks down due to the ecological destruction, some plants can grow excessively fast, reducing the available space for the others. Similarly, some animal species can overpower the minor ones and turn to be predators, which eventually leads to further extinction of the endangered ones. For instance, illegal ivory traders have killed six thousand elephants in African National Safari Park over the last 20 years, reducing the size of the elephant groups significantly smaller and weaker in team strength, which is making it easier for the predators like lions to attack and kill the remainder elephants.


On the other hand, there are more important environmental problems, such air and water pollution, which can permanently harm both our planet and our health. In fact, the significant quantity of carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere as a result of burning fossil fuels for energy creates the greenhouse effect, which in turn triggers global warming, the melting of glaciers, and ultimately an increase in sea levels. Furthermore, the small particles expelled in the air by motor vehicles which use oil derivatives as fuel, can seriously damage our lungs when they are inhaled. Also, drastic water pollution is another major concern; contaminants from illegally dumped chemicals in landfills can pollute aquifers, rivers, and lakes. As a result, certain fish can consume tiny plastic pieces from plastic bags or bottles, which might then be eaten by humans, posing a serious health risk.


To sum up, although human has to encounter a myriad of environmental issues, loss of any specific group of plant or animal should not be considered as the worst one, while comparing to the global temperature spike and the severe air-water pollution.


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