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Natural resources, such as oil, forests, and freshwater, are being consumed....(Band 9 Sample Essay)

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:


The natural resources, such as oil, forests, and freshwater, are being consumed at an alarming rate.

What problems does it cause?

How can we solve these problems?


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experiences.


You should write at least 250 words.


Task 2 Band 9 Essay Sample (The natural resources, such as oil, forests, and freshwater, are being consumed at an alarming rate.)

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Sample Essay 1

The overconsumption of natural resources, including oil, forests, and freshwater, is leading to severe environmental, social, and economic problems. To tackle this issue, it is crucial to adopt sustainable practices that prioritize conservation, preservation, and efficient use of natural resources. This essay will explore the problems caused by the overconsumption of natural resources and suggest viable solutions to address this issue.


To commence, the overexploitation of natural resources has a direct impact on the environment. For instance, deforestation leads to soil erosion, loss of biodiversity, and increased carbon emissions, which contribute to climate change. Similarly, excessive use of freshwater resources leads to water scarcity, affecting the agricultural sector, public health, and biodiversity. Furthermore, the overconsumption of natural resources leads to social and economic issues. For example, oil dependence leads to price fluctuations, geopolitical instability, and national security concerns. Additionally, deforestation can lead to displacement of local communities, loss of traditional livelihoods, and social unrest.


To address these problems, it is crucial to adopt sustainable practices that prioritize conservation, preservation, and efficient use of natural resources. For instance, governments can introduce policies to reduce consumption of fossil fuels by promoting renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, and hydropower. Additionally, we can promote reforestation and afforestation projects to restore degraded ecosystems, protect biodiversity, and mitigate climate change. Moreover, we can use technology to promote efficient water use, such as rainwater harvesting, drip irrigation, and water recycling. At the individual level, we can adopt simple yet effective measures such as reducing water consumption, switching to eco-friendly products, and adopting a plant-based diet.


In conclusion, the overconsumption of natural resources has far-reaching consequences on our environment, economy, and society. To tackle this issue, we need to adopt sustainable practices that prioritize conservation, preservation, and efficient use of natural resources. We can achieve this through a combination of policy interventions, technological innovations, and individual actions. Only by working together can we create a sustainable future for ourselves and future generations.


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Sample Essay 2

The voracious consumption of natural resources, including oil, forests, and freshwater, presents a pressing global dilemma. This unsustainable exploitation heralds dire consequences, notably environmental degradation and resource scarcity, mandating urgent remedial actions. Firstly, the depletion of these resources accelerates climate change and biodiversity loss, warranting strategies for conservation and sustainable use. Secondly, the resultant scarcity underscores the need for alternative energy sources and efficient water management practices. This essay aims to delve into these issues, proposing viable solutions to mitigate their impact.


The rampant deforestation and overuse of fossil fuels contribute significantly to global warming, as these actions release vast amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Forests, vital for carbon sequestration, are diminished, exacerbating the greenhouse effect. Additionally, the overexploitation of freshwater resources leads to shortages, affecting millions globally. To combat these issues, it is imperative to adopt sustainable resource management practices. For instance, reforestation initiatives and the promotion of renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind power, could significantly reduce carbon emissions. Moreover, implementing water-saving technologies in agriculture and industry, coupled with promoting conservation among consumers, can alleviate water scarcity.


Furthermore, the transition to a more sustainable consumption pattern is crucial. Governments and corporations should incentivize the adoption of green technologies and sustainable practices through subsidies and tax benefits. Public awareness campaigns can educate individuals on the importance of conserving natural resources and adopting eco-friendly habits. Additionally, international cooperation is essential in enforcing environmental protection laws and sharing sustainable technologies, as environmental issues transcend national borders.


In conclusion, the excessive consumption of natural resources poses severe environmental and societal challenges. Addressing these problems requires a multifaceted approach, encompassing sustainable management, the adoption of renewable energy sources, efficient water use, and a collective move towards sustainable consumption. Through concerted efforts from governments, businesses, and individuals, it is possible to forge a sustainable future, ensuring the preservation of our planet for future generations.


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Sample Essay 3

Nowadays, natural resources have been overused at an increasing speed.

The hazardous activities like deforestation, excessive burning of fossil fuels and overuse of freshwater etc. are severely damaging the environment and endangering the human and animal habitats. However, proper governmental actions such as taxation and awareness campaigns can be effective approaches to resolve this problem.


Excessive use of natural resources in the form of burning fossil fuels, wood logging, and overuse of water is damaging the environment which is resulting in increased global warming and draught. These thoughtless activities are causing the severe rise of temperature, abnormal climate cycle, irregular rainfalls, and droughts in various regions, resulting in fast animal extinction and extreme water scarcity. Also, all these factors work in synergy, interfering with the wild and human livelihood. In fact, the extinction of wildlife and the disturbance of the ecological cycle might lead to more devastation and trap all living things in a vicious circle.


However, there are several actions government and individuals may take to safeguard natural resources. The first and most crucial step is educating the public through TV shows and school lessons on the value of natural resources for both people and wild animals. As a result, individuals will begin to understand that wasting too many resources contributes to the destruction of their own homes. Governments can also enact the required laws to restrict and control how businesses and people use their resources. For instance, governments may demand more taxes from businesses that use more resources than is typical.


In summary, overuse of natural resources can upset the delicate balance of the ecosystem, hasten the loss of animal habitats, and result in a severe scarcity of mineral resources. However, this impact may be significantly diminished by increasing public knowledge and engaging in personal environmental responsibility.


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