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Obesity Is an Increasing Public Health Problem in Some Parts of the World - IELTS Band 9 Essay

Updated: Jun 27


Obesity Is an Increasing Public Health Problem in Some Parts of the World - IELTS Task 2 Band 9 Sample Essay


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Sample Essay 1

Obesity is increasingly recognized as a significant public health issue across many regions globally. This essay posits that the primary causes of this epidemic are predominantly lifestyle-related, such as poor dietary choices and insufficient physical activity. Additionally, it will suggest solutions including enhanced public health policies and community-based programs to mitigate these factors.


The ascent of obesity rates can be principally attributed to modern dietary habits, which often favour convenience over nutritional value. The prevalence of fast food, coupled with aggressive marketing and the availability of processed foods high in sugars and fats, contributes significantly to poor dietary choices. Moreover, urbanization has seen a decline in traditional diets, replaced by more calorie-dense, less nutritious options. A study by the World Health Organization highlights that urban populations are at a higher risk of obesity due to these dietary changes. Addressing this requires a multifaceted approach that includes legislation to control food marketing, alongside the promotion of nutritional education to encourage healthier eating habits.


Another pivotal factor is the sedentary lifestyle that has become common due to technological advancements and urbanization. Many individuals spend prolonged periods sitting at work or during leisure activities, which significantly reduces calorie expenditure. To combat this, governments and communities could develop more green spaces and recreational facilities that encourage physical activity. Furthermore, integrating physical education programs within schools and workplaces can increase daily activity levels. Successful examples include cities like Amsterdam, where urban planning prioritizes cycling and walking, significantly lowering obesity rates among its residents through enhanced daily physical activity.


In conclusion, the obesity epidemic primarily stems from unhealthy diets and inactive lifestyles. Effective resolution would require comprehensive public health strategies and infrastructural changes that promote nutritional diets and regular physical activity. Implementing these solutions could significantly alter the trajectory of obesity prevalence, ensuring a healthier future for upcoming generations.


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Sample Essay 2

Obesity is burgeoning into a formidable public health challenge in several regions worldwide. This essay argues that the primary drivers of this trend are socio-economic disparities and modern lifestyle conveniences. It will further recommend targeted governmental interventions and grassroots initiatives as potential remedies for curtailing the spread of this health crisis.


Socio-economic factors play a crucial role in the obesity epidemic. Lower-income groups often have limited access to affordable, healthy food options, making calorie-dense and nutrient-poor foods more attractive due to their lower cost and higher accessibility. Additionally, economic constraints limit opportunities for engaging in regular physical activity, as gym memberships and recreational activities may be cost-prohibitive. Studies have shown that neighbourhoods with higher poverty rates tend to have higher obesity rates due to these compounded issues. To address this, policy makers must consider subsidizing healthier food options and investing in community sports facilities and programs that are financially accessible to all societal segments.


Modern conveniences and technological advancements also contribute significantly to the rising obesity rates. The convenience of transportation and the proliferation of sedentary entertainment options, such as streaming services and video games, discourage physical activity. The shift towards remote work further exacerbates this by reducing incidental movement throughout the day. To counteract these trends, there should be an emphasis on creating policies that encourage physical activity in daily routines, such as incentivizing active commuting and integrating standing desks in offices. Successful interventions, like those implemented in Scandinavian countries, which offer tax benefits for companies promoting health and fitness initiatives, demonstrate the potential impact of such policies on public health.


In conclusion, the obesity crisis is largely fuelled by socio-economic inequalities and the sedentary nature of modern life. Addressing it effectively requires a combination of government-led initiatives and community-driven efforts designed to enhance access to nutritious foods and promote physical activity. Such strategic interventions are essential for reversing the current trends and fostering a healthier populace.


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