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People Rely on Private Cars for Transportation - IELTS Band 9 Essay


People Rely on Private Cars for Transportation - IELTS Band 9 Essay

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Sample Essay 1

In many regions globally, the private car is the dominant mode of transportation, shaping both lifestyle and environment. This essay argues that while cars offer convenience and autonomy, they also foster societal and environmental challenges. The discussion will focus on the impact on urban planning and environmental health.


Private cars are integral to the modern landscape, significantly influencing urban planning and development. Cities often sprawl to accommodate extensive road networks and parking spaces, prioritizing vehicles over pedestrian-friendly spaces. For instance, cities like Los Angeles are specifically designed with sprawling road systems that consume vast tracts of land, thereby reducing available space for parks and community areas. This car-centric development not only dictates the physical layout of cities but also affects daily life by necessitating longer commutes. It also diminishes the feasibility of alternative transportation methods like biking or walking, consequently discouraging a healthier, more active lifestyle among urban residents.


Furthermore, the reliance on private cars has profound environmental implications. Automobiles are major contributors to air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, which are intricately linked to climate change and various health issues such as respiratory ailments and cardiovascular diseases. The World Health Organization attributes millions of premature deaths yearly to air pollution, with a significant portion resulting from vehicle emissions. Additionally, the lifecycle of a car, from production to disposal, consumes extensive resources, including metals and petroleum, and generates significant waste. This process not only depletes natural resources but also exacerbates environmental degradation, impacting ecosystems and biodiversity on a global scale.


In conclusion, while private cars provide significant convenience, their effects on urban development and the environment are predominantly negative. The transformation of cityscapes to accommodate cars has led to inefficient land use and a decline in public space quality, while environmental impacts pose serious health and ecological challenges.


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Sample Essay 2

Globally, private vehicles are a primary transportation choice, profoundly shaping our lifestyles and societal structures. This essay contends that the pervasive use of private cars primarily yields negative consequences, though some benefits are evident. Discussions will explore their impact on community connectivity and health-related issues.


The dominance of private cars significantly undermines community interactions and social cohesion. Urban planning often prioritizes roadways over accessible public spaces, leading to reduced communal areas and less pedestrian-friendly environments. Suburban areas, for example, are characterized by homes spaced widely apart with few public gathering spots, which substantially diminishes opportunities for social interaction and active community engagement. This spatial arrangement encourages isolation, weakening community bonds and leading to a society where personal, face-to-face interactions are rare. Moreover, such layouts can increase dependency on cars, further deterring communal life and neighbourhood cohesion.


The health implications of widespread private car use are considerable and largely negative. Extended periods spent driving contribute to sedentarism, exacerbating public health issues like obesity and heart disease. The sedentary lifestyle enforced by car dependency decreases physical activity levels across populations, potentially leading to increased medical conditions linked to inactivity. Additionally, car emissions contribute substantially to urban air pollution, which causes a range of respiratory disorders in the population. The fine particulates in vehicle exhaust, more invasive than many other pollutants, can penetrate deeply into the lungs and bloodstream, resulting in serious health complications. This pollution not only affects respiratory health but also contributes to broader public health crises, straining healthcare services and increasing public health expenditures.


In conclusion, the prevalent use of private vehicles predominantly reshapes our communities and health in adverse ways. By fostering isolation and reducing physical activity, cars detract from social cohesion and contribute to health challenges. These impacts clearly illustrate the significant, primarily negative, consequences of our reliance on automobiles.


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