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The population is ageing rapidly, and this is leading to an unsustainable increase....(Band 9 Essay)

Updated: Aug 29, 2023

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:


In many societies in the world, the population is ageing rapidly, and this is leading to an unsustainable increase in the cost of public healthcare. A nation’s population should pay for their healthcare provision in the future.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experiences.


You should write at least 250 words.


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Task 2 Band 9 Essay Sample - In many societies in the world, the population is ageing rapidly, and this is leading to an unsustainable increase in the cost of public healthcare. A nation’s population should pay for their healthcare provision in the future.

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IELTS Task 2 Band 9 Sample Essay

In this modern world, the number of aged population is increasing rapidly and causing exponential rise of medical expenses which is argued to be carried by people themselves. I strongly agree with this statement because it is obvious that as the aged population increase, the medical budget will follow suit, and governments will not be able to control it.


With the rapid rise of aged population, a government needs to trade-off between the gigantic public healthcare cost and its citizens’ other fundamental requirements. If the healthcare burden lies on the government, it struggles to finance other essential public services such as education, housing, food, and employment. This financial strain has knock-on-effects because the public authority must impose tax on people to finance the healthcare funding deficit, which eventually raises the general living cost and affects people’s crucial decisions regarding family planning and lifestyle. This vicious cycle ends with a soared number of aged population and declined birth rate in tandem.


In addition, public healthcare funding may instigate overconsumption and wastage because when people find that it is free of cost, they tend to visit doctors even when they are unnecessary. Also, people are mostly less caring about healthy lifestyle if they know that it is free to avail any medical assistance anytime. Studies suggest that people in the countries where medical expenses are free or subsidized partially live predominantly unhealthy life, visit doctors too frequently, exploit medical diagnosis and tend to waste medicines. In these circumstances, if they are supposed to pay for their own medical expenses, they would harness the maximum benefit out of it, using the service in the most efficient way.


To conclude, governments’ healthcare funding due to increased ageing population comes at the costs of providing citizens’ fundamental rights such as education, infrastructure, food and so forth. Therefore, as the rate of aged population is skyrocketing, the onus is on people to bear their own healthcare burden in near future.


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