top of page

The tendency of news reports in the media to focus more on problems and emergencies - Task 2 Band 9

Updated: Mar 16

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:


The tendency of news reports in the media to focus more on problems and emergencies than on positive developments is harmful to the individuals and the society as a whole.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experiences.


You should write at least 250 words.


Task 2 Band 9 Essay Sample - The tendency of news reports in the media to focus more on problems and emergencies than on positive developments is harmful to the individuals and the society as a whole. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Get your personalised IELTS Essay Feedback from a former examiner


Download IELTS eBooks, get everything you need to achieve a high band score



Sample Essay 1

The pervasive focus of media on crises over positive developments skews public perception, fostering an atmosphere of pessimism and fear. This essay contends that such a tendency detrimentally impacts both individuals and society, discussing its psychological effects and societal repercussions.


The relentless deluge of negative news acts as a catalyst for a vicious cycle of stress and anxiety among individuals. Research underlines that exposure to distressing media content can precipitate symptoms akin to post-traumatic stress, affecting even those not directly involved in the reported events. For instance, subsequent studies on the extensive media coverage of natural disasters and terrorist attacks reveal a notable uptick in anxiety and stress levels among viewers, transcending geographical boundaries. This psychological strain is further intensified by the phenomenon known as "negativity bias," where adverse events exert a disproportionately significant impact on an individual's mental state compared to positive or neutral events of similar magnitude. This predisposition means that negative news is not only more readily attended to but also leaves a lasting, more profound psychological imprint, enhancing the overall emotional toll on the public.


Furthermore, the media's skewed emphasis on negative occurrences fabricates a distorted reality, significantly undermining social trust and cohesion. Predominant portrayals of conflict, disaster, and corruption project a bleak outlook on the world, severely diminishing confidence in institutions and the goodwill among fellow citizens. Such a pessimistic worldview deters individuals from engaging in civic duties and participating in initiatives aimed at community betterment, as disillusionment with the possibility of positive change sets in. Moreover, this distorted perspective can aggravate societal divisions, prompting individuals and groups to resort to assigning blame rather than seeking cooperative solutions. The pervasive negativity in media narratives not only discourages optimism but also stifles the collective spirit essential for societal progress and unity, thereby impeding constructive dialogue and collaborative efforts towards solving communal challenges.


In conclusion, the media's predilection for reporting problems over positive developments has profound negative implications for individual well-being and the fabric of society. It is crucial to balance the narrative, highlighting achievements and progress alongside challenges, to foster a more accurate, optimistic, and cohesive community.


Download IELTS eBooks, get everything you need to achieve a high band score



Sample Essay 2

In the tapestry of our globally connected existence, the media's predilection for highlighting the adverse over the auspicious has sparked discourse concerning its detrimental influence on the psyche of individuals and the fabric of society at large. I staunchly argue that this disproportionate emphasis on negativity not only undermines individual mental health but also corrodes the pillars of societal trust, advocating for a paradigm shift towards equitable news reporting.


The relentless barrage of bleak narratives, spanning from environmental catastrophes to escalating crime rates, has been empirically linked to a decline in psychological well-being. Research by the American Psychological Association underscores a direct correlation between persistent exposure to negative news and a surge in stress, anxiety, and a pervasive sense of desolation. For instance, the aftermath of the 2008 financial debacle witnessed a marked increase in public anxiety and a waning sense of communal belonging, as evidenced by findings from the University of Sussex. This psychological burden transcends the personal sphere, impairing productivity in professional settings and straining social bonds, thus engendering a culture of negativity that permeates society.


The media's focus on crises overemphasizes danger, fostering societal distrust, a concept highlighted by Harvard's research on the 'Mean World Syndrome'. This skewed portrayal exaggerates crime perception, damaging communal bonds. Yet, the media's role in addressing significant issues, like their coverage of the COVID-19 pandemic, is undeniable. Introducing stories of achievement, from environmental victories to healthcare breakthroughs, could enrich public discourse. Embracing such narratives would not only balance the media landscape but also mend the fabric of societal trust, promoting a more optimistic and cohesive community view.


Conclusively, while the media's watchdog role is indispensable, its excessive negativity bears a profound toll on individual well-being and societal integrity. Advocating for a recalibrated approach to news reporting is not just preferable but essential for nurturing a more optimistic, unified society.


Download IELTS eBooks, get everything you need to achieve a high band score



Sample Essay 3

There is a prevailing sentiment among the general populace that the tendency of news reports is to prioritize sensational negative headlines over constructive societal progress. Many assert that this inclination towards focusing on problems and emergencies exerts detrimental effects on both individuals and the collective. I completely concur with this notion because negative news has the potential to breed a negative mindset in individuals, which can cause significant harm to social interactions.


The constant barrage of negative propaganda on issues such as violence, natural disasters, and diseases, to name a few, can adversely affect our cognitive processes and behavior. The overexposure to such content can lead us to believe that the world is teetering on the brink of collapse, despite the fact that numerous aspects of life have improved significantly over the past few decades. Individuals who consume an excessive amount of negative news tend to spend more time ruminating on their anxieties and fears. They suffer from a persistent feeling of apprehension and tend to view everything in a negative light. For example, the images of the 9/11 attacks in New York City triggered stress, anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in many people who watched the coverage.


Moreover, the impact of negative news goes beyond individuals and affects society as a whole. Negative stories can have a ripple effect on how people interact with each other, as it leads to a general distrust of others. The fear and anxiety instilled by negative broadcasts can make individuals hyper-vigilant about issues such as homicide, violence, natural disasters, and other disturbing events. Irrespective of the authenticity of the news report, this negative mindset contributes to the rapid spread of negative propaganda and creates social chaos, eroding the foundation of trust that underpins any society.


In conclusion, the emphasis on negative news can create a sense of pessimism and world-weariness that leads us to view the state of the world in an excessively negative light. This negative mindset, in turn, facilitates the spread of negative propaganda and erodes trust within society.



Sample Essay 4

In today’s rapidly evolving media landscape, the predilection of news outlets to spotlight crises and adversities over positive developments has ignited a debate about its impact on individual well-being and societal harmony. Contrary to the pervasive belief that such an emphasis is detrimental, this essay posits that the journalistic commitment to uncovering the truth is, in fact, beneficial to both individuals and society at large.


From an individual standpoint, being well-informed about current challenges is crucial for personal and professional development. News stories about societal issues or emergencies are not merely reports; they serve as cautionary tales that foster preparedness and resilience. For example, the recent increase in media coverage on human trafficking incidents has galvanized many women to adopt proactive measures for their safety. They have not only become more vigilant but have also pursued self-defense courses, illustrating how awareness can translate into empowerment. Thus, far from being harmful, such news items equip individuals with the knowledge and tools to navigate a complex world.


At the societal level, the relentless reporting on pressing issues plays a pivotal role in spurring governmental action and policy reform. A media landscape that exclusively celebrates successes, glossing over flaws and failures, would stifle progress by obscuring the need for improvement. It is through the diligent scrutiny of the media that governments are prompted to address and rectify societal issues. The persistent coverage of climate change, for example, has been instrumental in galvanizing international consensus on ambitious environmental targets, including the global initiative to limit warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius by 2050. This underscores the media’s critical function as a watchdog that can instigate positive change.


In conclusion, the view that media's emphasis on negative events is detrimental overlooks its essential role in enlightening individuals and driving societal progress. By highlighting global issues, the media educates the public and ensures government accountability, leading to significant improvements. It's through this perspective that we should recognize the media's critical contribution to creating a more informed and proactive society.


Get your personalised IELTS Essay Feedback from a former examiner


Download IELTS eBooks, get everything you need to achieve a high band score

0 comments

Comments

Rated 0 out of 5 stars.
No ratings yet

Add a rating
bottom of page