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The Number of Homeless People Is Increasing in Many Major Cities Around the World - IELTS Essay


The Number of Homeless People Is Increasing in Many Major Cities Around the World - IELTS Task 2 Band 9 Sample Essay


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Model Essay 1

The escalating number of homeless individuals in urban centres globally signals deep-seated socio-economic and systemic failures. This essay contends that the principal causes are economic disparity and inadequate housing policies, and advocates for enhanced social welfare programs and urban housing reforms as potential solutions.


Economic disparity, manifested as widening income gaps, underpins the homelessness crisis. In cities where the cost of living skyrockets, and wages stagnate, the financially vulnerable find themselves unable to afford housing. For instance, in New York, the minimum wage has not kept pace with the exorbitant rise in rent, pushing lower-income groups towards homelessness. The situation is exacerbated by a lack of middle-income housing, forcing a significant portion of the urban population to either severely overspend on shelter or forego it altogether. Consequently, the economic structure that favours the affluent has been pivotal in driving the homelessness numbers upward.


Furthermore, deficient housing policies contribute significantly to this escalating problem. Many cities lack effective regulations that ensure affordable housing development, and existing policies often favour high-end property investments over low-income housing needs. For example, San Francisco’s tech boom has attracted wealth and development that prioritize luxury living, sidelining the essential low-cost housing projects. To combat this, cities must implement robust housing policies that not only increase the availability of affordable units but also offer protection for vulnerable tenants against unfair evictions and rent hikes. Such reforms are essential to provide stability for at-risk populations and prevent the descent into homelessness.


In conclusion, the rise in urban homelessness can primarily be attributed to significant economic inequalities and insufficient housing strategies. Addressing these issues through comprehensive social support systems and stringent housing policies is crucial for mitigating this crisis, ensuring all city dwellers can secure the fundamental human right to shelter.


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Model Essay 2

The escalating number of homeless individuals in urban areas globally signifies a deep-seated crisis. This phenomenon primarily stems from socio-economic disparities and insufficient urban planning. The focus of this essay is to delve into these causes and explore effective interventions.


Firstly, economic inequality plays a pivotal role in exacerbating homelessness. In cities where the cost of living surges without a corresponding rise in wages, even employed individuals can find themselves unable to afford housing. For instance, in cities like San Francisco and London, the housing market has skyrocketed due to tech booms and foreign investment, respectively, pushing rents beyond the reach of average earners. This disparity between income and housing costs leaves many without shelter. Moreover, the gentrification of neighbourhoods often displaces long-standing communities who can no longer afford the rising costs, thus contributing further to homelessness.


Secondly, inadequate governmental planning and support systems significantly contribute to this issue. Many cities lack sufficient affordable housing and do not invest enough in public housing projects. Furthermore, mental health services and addiction support, which are critical for a substantial segment of the homeless population, are often underfunded and inaccessible. For example, in many U.S. cities, cuts to mental health funding have left a void that results in more individuals living on the streets, as they cannot access the necessary care. Effective policy measures must address these systemic failures by increasing investment in affordable housing and enhancing support services for mental health and substance abuse.


In conclusion, the rising tide of homelessness in major cities worldwide is largely due to economic imbalances and inadequate urban policy. To mitigate this, a dual approach is required: correcting the economic policies to ensure affordable living conditions, and bolstering government support systems to provide essential services.


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Model Essay 3

The escalating number of homeless individuals in global metropolitan areas is an issue that merits urgent attention. This essay posits that the primary causes are economic disparities and inadequate housing policies, and advocates for enhanced social support systems and comprehensive urban planning as viable solutions.


Economic inequality stands as a formidable barrier to securing housing. In cities like San Francisco and London, soaring living costs, coupled with stagnant wages, leave many unable to afford housing. For instance, a study by the Homelessness Research Institute found that in cities with high economic disparity, homelessness rates are proportionally higher. This suggests that without addressing income inequality, homelessness will likely persist and escalate. Furthermore, the gentrification of urban neighbourhoods often displaces long-term residents who find themselves priced out of the rental market, thus exacerbating the homelessness crisis.


Compounding this issue, many cities suffer from inadequate housing policies. There is often a significant lack of affordable housing units, and the available ones are frequently mired in bureaucratic red tape, making access difficult for those in need. For example, in New York City, the waiting list for public housing can extend several years, demonstrating a clear shortfall in provision. Moreover, support services for mental health and substance abuse, which are disproportionately represented in homeless populations, remain underfunded and understaffed, failing to address the underlying issues that contribute to homelessness.


To mitigate these challenges, a twofold approach is necessary. First, governments should increase investment in affordable housing projects. By streamlining the construction and allocation process of public housing, cities can provide immediate relief to those at risk of homelessness. Additionally, implementing rent control measures can prevent displacement due to gentrification and make urban living more accessible. Secondly, enhancing social support systems, such as providing greater funding for mental health and addiction services, would address the root causes of homelessness. This holistic approach not only secures housing but also fosters long-term stability for vulnerable populations.


In conclusion, the rising homeless population in major cities is largely a product of economic disparities and inadequate housing policies. Addressing these issues through enhanced social support systems and proactive urban planning will not only alleviate homelessness but also enrich the fabric of urban life.


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