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Top ten countries with largest population in 2019, and how it is projected-Task 1 Table Chart Band 9

Updated: Jul 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The table below shows top ten countries with largest population in 2019, and how it is projected to change by 2100.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant


Write at least 150 words.


Task 1 Table Chart Band 9 Sample (The table shows top ten countries with largest population in 2019, and how it is projected to change by 2100.)

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Sample Report 1

The given table juxtaposes the current and projected populations of the top ten most populous nations for the years 2019 and 2100, illustrating dynamic shifts in global demographics over the coming century.


In an overarching perspective, while China and India continue to dominate the top positions for both referenced years, there is notable movement in the lower ranks of the list. The most substantial ascent is anticipated for Nigeria, projected to rise dramatically by the century's end. Moreover, three new nations—D.R. Congo, Ethiopia, and Tanzania—are expected to feature in the top ten by 2100, replacing Bangladesh, Russia, and Mexico.


Focusing on the detailed figures for 2019, China leads with a population of 1,439 million, closely followed by India at 1,380 million, and the USA rounding out the top three with 331 million. Fast forward to 2100, India's population is forecast to burgeon to 1,551 million, claiming the top spot, while China's population is projected to undergo a significant reduction to 941 million. This shift denotes a major demographic turnover, with India experiencing a growth of approximately 200 million, contrasted by China's drastic decrease of nearly 500 million.


Turning to the tail end of the century, Nigeria's demographic trajectory is particularly noteworthy, poised to surge from 206 million in 2019 to an estimated 730 million by 2100, securing the third position. The introduction of D.R. Congo, Ethiopia, and Tanzania into the top ten is reflective of broader demographic trends across Africa, suggesting a significant shift in population densities from traditional powerhouses to emerging demographic hubs.


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Sample Report 2

The table provided contrasts the top ten countries by population in 2019 with projected figures for 2100, offering a comprehensive snapshot of anticipated demographic shifts over the next eighty years.


A cursory examination reveals a steady hierarchy at the apex with China and India, yet significant dynamism is evident in the lower rankings. Notably, Nigeria is poised to experience the most pronounced rise, projected to ascend from the seventh to the third position by the century's end. Additionally, the entrance of D.R. Congo, Ethiopia, and Tanzania into the top ten highlights a significant reordering of global population standings.


Delving deeper into the specifics, 2019 saw China at the forefront with a populace of 1,439 million, followed closely by India with 1,380 million. The United States held a distant third with 331 million. Fast forwarding to 2100, projections indicate India will leap to the fore with an estimated 1,551 million inhabitants, overtaking a diminishing Chinese population pegged at 941 million. This stark contrast in population trajectories underscores a broader shift in regional demographic dominance.


Furthermore, the dramatic escalation of Nigeria’s population from 206 million to an expected 730 million by 2100 is particularly striking. This robust growth not only elevates Nigeria significantly within the rankings but also signals shifting demographic patterns likely to influence global economic and political dynamics. The anticipated entry of D.R. Congo, Ethiopia, and Tanzania into the top ranks further corroborates a notable pivot towards burgeoning population centres in Africa, reshaping the global demographic landscape in profound ways.



Sample Report 3

The top ten nations by population are included in the table, which also predicts how the ranking will evolve by 2100.


Overall, China and India alternately claimed first and second position in both years, but the second half of the list, where three new countries are anticipated to make the top 10, shows a significant shift. On the other side, Nigeria is expected to make the biggest jump, while Pakistan's status is projected to be steady during the course of the century.


China was ranked as the nation with the biggest population in 2019 with 1439 million people, followed by India (1380 million) and the United States (331 million), in that order. However, it is anticipated that India's population would increase by 200 million people at the same time as China's population will decrease by about 500 million. Additionally, it is predicted that Nigeria's population would increase, moving up from seventh place in 2019 to third place in 2100. India is therefore expected to top the list in 2100, followed by China, Nigeria, the United States, and Pakistan, in that order.


On the other hand, the other five countries of the list of 2019 are expected to go through a significant change as the three new countries, namely D. R. Congo, Ethiopia, and Tanzania, are estimated to come in the top 10 list replacing Bangladesh, Russia and Mexico. However, Pakistan is expected to remain always in the fifth position in the list.


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