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It is possible for people to eat a variety of foods that have been transported- Task 2 Essay Band 9

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:


In some countries, it is possible for people to eat a variety of foods that have been transported from all over the world.

Do the advantages of this outweigh its disadvantages?


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experiences.


You should write at least 250 words.


IELTS Task 2 Essay Band 9 Sample Answer - In some countries, it is possible for people to eat a variety of foods that have been transported from all over the world. Do the advantages of this outweigh its disadvantages?

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Model Essay 1

In an era where global trade has shrunk distances, the ability to consume food from every corner of the globe is a reality for many. This phenomenon, while showcasing the marvels of modern logistics, presents a dichotomy of benefits and drawbacks. The essence of this discussion revolves around the cultural enrichment and economic benefits against the environmental impact and potential harm to local agriculture.


Foremost among the advantages is the cultural exchange that global food trade facilitates. Diverse cuisines introduced to new regions foster a greater understanding and appreciation of different cultures. For example, someone in London can enjoy authentic Thai curry for dinner, thereby enhancing cultural awareness and culinary diversity. Additionally, this exposure encourages culinary innovation and fusion, leading to new gastronomic experiences. Economically, importing food has the potential to stabilize food prices during off-seasons, ensuring a steady supply of fresh produce year-round. This not only benefits consumers by offering variety outside local harvest seasons but also supports global trade networks, creating jobs and promoting economic growth in exporting countries. Such economic interdependence can also foster stronger diplomatic relations between trading nations.


Conversely, the disadvantages of the global food trade are significant and multifaceted. The carbon footprint associated with transporting food across vast distances is a major environmental concern. Airfreight, in particular, emits a substantial amount of greenhouse gases compared to locally sourced produce, contributing significantly to global warming. This environmental cost also includes the depletion of natural resources and increased pollution from transportation. Furthermore, the global food trade can undermine local farmers, who may struggle to compete with the influx of imported goods. This competition can lead to a decline in local agriculture, reducing biodiversity as monoculture farming practices become more prevalent to meet export demands. Such a shift not only affects the environment but also risks erasing local food traditions and knowledge, diminishing cultural heritage.


In conclusion, the global food trade, though enriching culturally and economically, carries environmental and social costs. Balancing the benefits with the drawbacks requires sustainable trade and support for local agriculture to ensure a positive impact on both the planet and its people.


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Model Essay 2

The modern world enjoys an unprecedented luxury: access to global cuisines, a testament to the interconnectedness of our societies. This essay posits that the advantages of this global food network significantly outweigh its disadvantages, focusing on the enrichment of cultural knowledge and economic benefits, contrasted against environmental concerns and impacts on local agriculture.


The importation of global foods serves as a bridge between cultures, expanding our culinary horizons and fostering a deeper understanding of diverse societies. For instance, the availability of Vietnamese Pho in Canada not only introduces Canadians to Vietnamese culture but also encourages culinary diversity and innovation. This cultural exchange enriches societies, breaking down barriers and promoting global unity. Economically, the global food trade is a cornerstone of the world economy, offering countries the opportunity to specialize in certain crops or products, thereby maximizing efficiency and economic output. This specialization leads to a more diversified global market, where countries benefit from trade relations that bolster their economies and provide consumers with a variety of foods at competitive prices.


However, this global trade does not come without its environmental toll. The transportation of food across continents significantly contributes to carbon emissions, raising serious concerns about sustainability and the urgent need for greener logistics. Moreover, the influx of imported goods can challenge local farmers, potentially leading to a homogenization of global agriculture at the expense of local traditions and biodiversity. This shift risks not only the loss of unique culinary heritages but also the vital ecological balance maintained by diverse agricultural practices.


In conclusion, despite environmental and agricultural challenges, the cultural and economic gains from global food trade are significant. These benefits enhance global understanding and economic growth. The key is adopting sustainable methods to reduce negatives, ensuring this trade remains a positive force for cultural and economic exchange.

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Model Essay 3

The frequent importation of food items from foreign nations has become a standard practice for several countries worldwide. While some contend that this trend might encourage the development of an unhealthy monopoly, I firmly believe that the freedom to choose efficiently from the global food market confers an enormous advantage that clearly outweighs its drawbacks.


When it comes to the global food market, richer nations typically emerge as victors. This can potentially threaten poorer nations by undercutting their domestic buyers, as consumers now have access to a borderless food market teeming with offerings from more affluent countries. As a consequence, poorer nations may find themselves unable to market their food items competitively in the international arena, while richer nations with a comparative advantage can modify their products and offer them at lower prices, thus ultimately dominating the global food market. This dynamic pushes the sellers of poorer countries away from the global food market and undermines their ability to participate in the global economy.


Conversely, there exists a strong belief that the global food supply chain plays a significant role in enhancing people's standard of living. By virtue of the frequency and convenience of import and export, people can access a wider array of food options, ranging from fruits to various types of meat. This, in turn, can positively impact local communities' dietary habits, leading to a more well-rounded and balanced diet than previously available. Moreover, consuming nutrient-rich foods from other countries can lead to a healthier life overall. Furthermore, as stipulated in international trade theory, specializing in products with absolute or comparative advantages and selling them to other countries can significantly increase export earnings and efficiency, ultimately leading to significant economic growth.


Therefore, despite the potential for financial risks associated with transporting food across borders, the benefits of such practices are profound, as they improve people's standard of living and foster economic growth on a local level. As such, it is essential to continue to facilitate international trade practices that enable individuals to benefit from the global food market while simultaneously empowering poorer nations to participate in the global economy on a more equitable footing.


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