top of page

Air Travel Is One of the Main Reasons for Increasing Air Pollution - IELTS Band 9 Essay

Updated: Jun 10

Air travel is one of the main reasons for increasing air pollution these days. So restricting air travel is the only way to prevent air pollution - IELTS Task 2 Band 9 Sample Essay

Get your personalised IELTS Essay Feedback from a former examiner

Download IELTS eBooks, get everything you need to achieve a high band score

Sample Essay 1 (Balanced Position)

The assertion that air travel is a principal contributor to air pollution and should thus be curtailed is a simplification that disregards the multifaceted nature of environmental degradation. Although air travel does have a significant environmental footprint, suggesting that its restriction is the sole remedy for air pollution underestimates the breadth of the issue. This essay will argue that a more holistic and multi-sectoral approach is necessary to effectively combat air pollution.

First, it is essential to recognize that air travel, while a notable contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, is far from the primary source. The sector accounts for about 2-3% of global CO2 emissions. In contrast, industries such as energy production, vehicular traffic, and heavy manufacturing contribute significantly more, with the energy sector alone responsible for more than a quarter of global emissions. This vast disparity highlights that effective environmental policies should not single out air travel but rather address all major sources of pollution. Comprehensive regulations and innovative solutions, including the adoption of clean energy technologies and significant efficiency improvements in all sectors, are crucial for a meaningful reduction in global emissions.

Furthermore, the proposition to restrict air travel overlooks the critical role it plays in the global economy. Aviation supports millions of jobs worldwide and facilitates international trade and tourism, acting as a cornerstone for many national economies. Drastic restrictions on air travel could have severe economic repercussions, disproportionately affecting countries dependent on tourism and global trade. Such impacts could stifle economic development and lead to significant job losses. Instead of imposing broad restrictions, the focus should be on making air travel more sustainable through technological advancements such as fuel-efficient aircraft, the use of alternative fuels like biofuels, and improved flight management systems. These innovations can significantly reduce the environmental impact of aviation without compromising global connectivity and economic stability.

In conclusion, while air travel does contribute to air pollution, targeting it as a primary solution is neither effective nor practical. A broad-based approach that includes technological innovation, regulatory reforms, and international cooperation across all pollution-intensive sectors is imperative.

Download IELTS eBooks, get everything you need to achieve a high band score

Sample Essay 2 (Disagreement)

Air travel is often cited as a major contributor to air pollution, with some advocating for its restriction as a primary solution. This essay strongly disagrees with this statement, it contends that air travel is not a major contributor to air pollution and that more comprehensive strategies are crucial for meaningful environmental improvement. The ensuing discussion will explore the minimal impact of aviation on global emissions, and highlight effective alternative measures such as enhancing vehicle efficiency and advancing sustainable technology across all sectors.

Firstly, the assumption that air travel is a leading cause of air pollution is contradicted by empirical data. The International Air Transport Association (IATA) reports that aviation contributes around 2% to global greenhouse gases, a figure substantially lower than that of other transportation sources, such as road vehicles, which account for nearly 72% of transportation-related emissions. This significant discrepancy underscores the importance of focusing on more substantial pollutants, especially in the automotive industry. Millions of everyday personal and commercial vehicles dominate road traffic. Therefore, enhancing vehicle fuel efficiency and expediting the shift to electric vehicles would significantly decrease global emissions more effectively than merely restricting flights.

Moreover, an exclusive focus on air travel overlooks its complex socio-economic benefits. Aviation is crucial for bridging geographical and economic divides, enabling not only tourism but also international business and trade. The advent of air travel has revolutionized how businesses operate globally and facilitated swift access to global markets and medical supplies for remote areas. Restricting air travel risks these vital connections, potentially leading to economic isolation and hindering global economic progress. Additionally, ongoing technological advancements in the aviation industry, such as more fuel-efficient aircraft, sustainable aviation fuels, and improved air traffic management, are continuously reducing per-flight emissions. These innovations underscore the industry’s capability to evolve in an environmentally conscious manner, suggesting that supporting technological progress is a more practical approach than implementing restrictive measures.

In conclusion, air travel, contrary to popular belief, is not one of the main contributors to air pollution. While it is part of the broader puzzle, its impact is comparatively minor next to other sectors like ground transportation. To tackle air pollution effectively, a comprehensive strategy addressing all significant sources of emissions is required, coupled with support for technological advancements in each sector.

Get your personalised IELTS Essay Feedback from a former examiner

Download IELTS eBooks, get everything you need to achieve a high band score



Rated 0 out of 5 stars.
No ratings yet

Add a rating
bottom of page