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The animal species are becoming extinct due to human activities on land and in sea...(Band 9 Essay)

Updated: Aug 11, 2023

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:


The animal species are becoming extinct due to human activities on land and in sea.

What are the reasons and solutions?


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experiences.


You should write at least 250 words.


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Task 2 Band 9 Essay Sample (The animal species are becoming extinct due to human activities on land and in sea.)

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IELTS Task 2 Band 9 Sample Essay (1)

It is widely believed that humans are responsible for the extermination of animals. The main reason for this is that people are polluting animal habitats by carelessly releasing chemical compounds in the environment. However, a sustainable chemical usage policy can be a viable solution. I am going to elucidate the idea in the following paragraphs.


Our reckless chemical usage is the root cause of the environmental degradation, which is resulting in the animal extinction. We are constantly introducing such chemicals which are contaminating our air, soil and seas. Air pollutants include carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides; water and soil pollutants are heavy metals such as mercury, cadmium and lead along with pesticide and herbicide compounds. All these factors work in synergy and interfere with the metabolism of animals, leading to a fast extinction. Large-bodied animals and rare species are even more prone to this human made disaster because their habitats and livings are more sensitive to any environmental changes. These annihilating activities can disrupt our ecological processes like pollination and seed distribution, and lead to a collapse of the food chain which accelerates further destructions.


However, governments can address this issue effectively by implementing a sustainable chemical policy. They should provide their citizens specific guidelines on how to use chemical compounds without causing the environmental damage. A stern action should be taken against the people who do not obey the law and order regarding this issue. Furthermore, people should be informed how the biochemical process is causing ecological disasters, which is leading up to the extinction of a number of marine and land species. To do this, governments can organize massive awareness campaigns every year, which can help disseminate the information about the environmental vulnerability, demonstrate the harmless way of chemical usage and share the importance of ecological protection.


To conclude, by releasing hazardous chemical compounds, people are constantly contaminating the environment, which is pushing various species to the verge of extinction. However, proper law enforcement, regular awareness campaigns and punitive measures against the polluters can save the environment and the endangered species.


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IELTS Task 2 Band 9 Essay Sample (2)

As a result of rapid industrialization and the advancement of technology over the centuries, activities that humanity undertakes every day has been detrimental to other inhabitants on the earth. There are several reasons why our activities are becoming harmful. This essay will discuss the reasons and suggest some possible solutions to alleviate the extinction of animals.


To begin with, the main reason for animal extinction led by human activities is overpopulation in the world. To illustrate, the increased population has raised the demand for wood that people have to use, which increases the need of cutting down more trees. This eventually results in the loss of natural habitat for animals to live. Overpopulation, furthermore, contributes to the drastic increase in the demand for products produced by factories, causing a number of harmful gas emissions. These harmful gases emitted by the factories can contaminate the air and the oceans, further damaging not only land animals but also sea creatures.


To solve the issue of animal extinction, both authorities and individuals should be responsible and take an action to alleviate this problem. What authorities can do is that they should establish new regulations to limit the number of trees that industrial companies can use and the amount of carbon dioxide that they are allowed to emit into the air. These measures would work to limit the damage that the companies cause to the environment. In addition to the authorities, individuals, especially those living in developed countries, can have an integral role to prevent further animal extinction. This can be as simple as reducing the time using motor vehicles that produce a significant amount of carbon dioxide.


In summary, overpopulation is the leading cause of the extinction of other species, and its resolution can be the creation of new laws by governments and the environmental-friendly activities undertaken by individual people.


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