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With A Growing World Population, GM (Genetically Modified) Foods Offer A Viable Solution - IELTS Band 9 Essay

With a growing world population, one of the most pressing issues is feeding a huge population. Some people think that GM (Genetically Modified) foods offer a viable solution to this problem - IELTS Band 9 Sample Essay

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Model Essay 1

As the world’s population continues to rise, addressing the challenge of feeding everyone has become crucial. Some propose genetically modified (GM) foods as a viable solution to this issue. However, I completely disagree with this notion, as GM foods pose significant health risks and environmental concerns, making them an unsuitable long-term solution.

Firstly, the health risks associated with GM foods cannot be ignored. Numerous studies have raised concerns about the potential long-term effects of consuming genetically modified organisms. For instance, some research suggests that GM foods could trigger allergic reactions and contribute to antibiotic resistance, potentially leading to new health crises. The lack of comprehensive, long-term studies on the safety of GM foods means that we cannot be certain of their impact on human health. In contrast, traditional farming methods, which have been refined over centuries, provide a safer and more reliable food source, having withstood the test of time.

Secondly, the environmental impact of GM crops is profoundly concerning. Genetically modified crops often require heavy use of chemical herbicides and pesticides, which can lead to soil degradation and water contamination, harming ecosystems. For example, the widespread use of glyphosate, a common herbicide used with GM crops, has been linked to declines in biodiversity, particularly among beneficial insects like bees and butterflies that are crucial for pollination. Furthermore, the proliferation of GM crops can lead to the development of “superweeds” and “superbugs” that are resistant to conventional agricultural chemicals, necessitating the use of even more toxic substances and creating a vicious cycle of chemical dependency.

In conclusion, GM foods are not a suitable solution to the global food crisis due to their potential health risks and environmental damage. Focusing on sustainable agricultural practices and improving food distribution systems would be a more effective and safer approach to addressing the challenge of feeding the growing global population.

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Model Essay 2

With the global population steadily increasing, feeding everyone has become a critical issue. Some argue that genetically modified (GM) foods provide a feasible solution to this challenge. I strongly agree with this view as GM foods can enhance crop yields and nutritional value while also reducing reliance on pesticides and herbicides.

Firstly, GM foods have the potential to significantly boost agricultural productivity. Through genetic modification, crops can be engineered to be more resistant to pests, diseases, and adverse weather conditions. For instance, Bt corn, a type of GM maize, produces a toxin that deters pests, resulting in higher yields and reduced crop losses. This increased efficiency is crucial in meeting the food demands of a burgeoning population, especially in regions prone to agricultural challenges.

Secondly, GM foods can be enhanced to provide better nutritional value, addressing malnutrition in many parts of the world. For example, Golden Rice is genetically modified to contain higher levels of Vitamin A, a nutrient essential for preventing blindness and boosting immune systems. In developing countries where diets are often deficient in essential vitamins and minerals, such biofortified crops can make a substantial difference in public health outcomes, thereby supporting overall food security.

Moreover, the adoption of GM crops can lead to a reduction in the use of chemical pesticides and herbicides. GM crops engineered for herbicide resistance allow farmers to use more environmentally friendly weed control methods, minimizing the ecological footprint of agriculture. This not only benefits the environment but also reduces the exposure of farmworkers and consumers to potentially harmful chemicals, promoting a healthier ecosystem and population.

In conclusion, genetically modified foods offer a promising solution to the global food crisis by increasing crop yields, enhancing nutritional content, and reducing dependency on chemical inputs. Embracing GM technology in agriculture can play a pivotal role in ensuring food security for the world's growing population while also fostering sustainable farming practices.

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