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Immigration has a major impact on the society. What are the main reasons.. IELTS Band 9 Sample Essay

Updated: Jun 27

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:


Immigration has a major impact on the society.

What are the main reasons of immigration?

To what consequences can it lead?


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experiences.


You should write at least 250 words.


Task 2 Band 9 Essay Sample (Immigration has a Major Impact on the Society)

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Sample Essay 1

Immigration profoundly impacts societal structures globally, driven primarily by the quest for better economic opportunities and escaping adverse conditions in native countries. This movement leads to significant cultural and economic shifts in the host nations.


Economic motivations are the most cited reasons for immigration. Individuals from less developed countries often migrate to richer states in search of higher-paying jobs that promise a better quality of life. For instance, software engineers in India may move to Silicon Valley, not merely for the substantial salaries but also for the innovation-driven work environment that such locales offer, allowing them to engage in cutting-edge technological advancements. Additionally, political instability and lack of safety compel people to seek more stable societies where they can secure a future for themselves and their families. Syrian refugees, for example, have sought asylum in Turkey to escape the perils of civil war, underscoring how dire circumstances push populations towards more peaceful nations, where they hope to find safety and stability.


Cultural and economic consequences in host countries are manifold. Economically, while immigrants can fill labour shortages and contribute to the economy, their influx might also strain public services and infrastructure. For example, cities like Toronto have experienced soaring housing costs and increased pressure on healthcare and educational services due to rapid population growth from immigration. This surge has required adjustments in urban planning and increased budget allocations to accommodate the growing population. Culturally, while the blending of diverse backgrounds can enrich a society, it may also lead to integration challenges and social tension if not managed with effective multicultural policies. The integration process is crucial for fostering understanding and cooperation among native citizens and newcomers, preventing social fragmentation.


In conclusion, immigration is driven by the search for improved economic conditions and escape from instability. This movement profoundly affects receiving countries, manifesting in cultural enrichment and social challenges, alongside increased demands on public infrastructure and services.


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Sample Essay 2

Many people prefer living in a different country rather than their hometowns and societies have been affected by this preference. While job opportunities and high salaries can be two main reasons for this tendency, unfortunately, this preference can result in an increase in prices and traffic.


In terms of causes, job opportunities may be the major factor to move to other countries, in particular developed countries. Some people suffer from unemployment in their own countries, and they cannot maintain their life standards in acceptable circumstances. Therefore, they look for jobs in foreign countries. Additionally, some professions, such as engineers and health workers, gain much higher salaries in developed countries compared to their own. As a result, people work for international companies to maintain high standard of living which is merely possible with sufficient salaries. For example, engineers graduating from Turkey's top universities often prefer employment with international companies like BMW over local firms such as Tofas, which offers less competitive salaries.


One significant consequence of immigration is the rise in rent prices. To be more precise, immigration can cause  overpopulation and excess supply for accommodation in some regions. Furthermore, homeowners can increase the rental fee which will be disadvantageous to not only low-paid immigrants but also natives. Secondly, Immigration can lead to traffic congestion. If the public transportation is not enough, people can be likely to use their private cars to commute. Thus, there can be many cars on the roads. As a result, it will lead to traffic jams in some places. Istanbul can be a good example of this issue as this city suffer from traffic due to increased use of private cars because of the overcrowding of public transportation.


In conclusion, immigration can mainly stem from job opportunities and high salaries in developed countries and this movement may result in increased rental expenses and traffic congestion. 


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Sample Essay 3

Immigration undeniably wields a profound influence on society, propelled by multifaceted motivations and yielding a spectrum of repercussions. At the heart of this phenomenon lies a quest for better opportunities, escape from persecution, or familial reunification. This essay aims to unpack the primary catalysts for immigration and explore its consequent societal impacts, highlighting both the benefits and challenges it engenders.


Central to understanding immigration is recognizing the dual forces of push and pull factors. Economically, individuals migrate in pursuit of improved employment prospects and living standards, a reflection of the stark disparities between developed and developing nations. Furthermore, political instability and persecution drive countless individuals to seek refuge in more stable environments, underscoring a fundamental desire for safety and human rights. Such movements not only enrich the cultural tapestry of host societies through diversity but also stimulate economic growth by addressing labour shortages and fostering innovation. However, the influx of immigrants can precipitate societal strain, manifesting in challenges related to integration, resource allocation, and sometimes, a rise in xenophobic sentiments. These dynamics underscore the complexity of immigration's societal impact, necessitating nuanced policy responses that balance economic benefits with social cohesion.


Conversely, the consequences of immigration extend beyond the immediate economic and cultural spheres, influencing the social fabric and identity of communities. While immigrants contribute significantly to the cultural diversity and economic vitality of their new homes, their arrival can also ignite debates on national identity, social integration, and resource distribution. The challenge for societies is to harness the positive aspects of immigration—such as innovation, cultural exchange, and demographic rejuvenation—while effectively addressing and mitigating potential tensions and inequalities.


In conclusion, immigration stands as a potent force shaping societies, driven by the search for betterment and safety. Its impacts are multifaceted, offering avenues for cultural enrichment and economic growth while also posing challenges to social cohesion and resource management. Recognizing and addressing these dimensions is crucial for leveraging immigration's benefits and fostering inclusive, resilient communities. As societies navigate these complexities, the enduring truth remains: immigration has a major impact on the society, weaving a rich tapestry of change and continuity.



Sample Essay 4

The discourse on immigration often revolves around its profound societal impact, a phenomenon driven by myriad factors and leading to diverse outcomes. Through the prism of seeking better livelihoods, fleeing adversities, or reuniting with family, individuals cross borders, thereby weaving the intricate mosaic of global migration. This essay endeavours to dissect the primary reasons behind immigration and delineate its multifaceted consequences on society.


Foremost, the impetus for immigration can largely be attributed to the pursuit of enhanced economic prospects and the escape from regions marred by conflict or oppression. The allure of higher wages, superior living conditions, and the promise of a more secure future magnetize individuals from less affluent backgrounds. Simultaneously, political turmoil and persecution compel people to seek sanctuary in lands where freedom and safety are more than mere aspirations. These movements invariably infuse host societies with fresh talents, cultural diversity, and a broader worldview. Nonetheless, the surge of newcomers can precipitate socio-economic strains, encompassing job competition, infrastructural pressure, and cultural integration challenges, which test the resilience and adaptability of host communities.


The tapestry of immigration's aftermath is intricate, with threads of positive enrichment intertwined with strands of contention. Economically, immigrants often fill critical labor gaps, driving innovation and contributing to the cultural vibrancy and dynamism of their new homes. However, the societal fabric can be stretched, necessitating dialogues on identity, cohesion, and equitable resource distribution to ensure the harmony and prosperity of increasingly diverse communities.


In sum, the narrative of immigration is one of profound societal transformation, underscored by the dualities of opportunity and challenge, enrichment and tension. It beckons societies to navigate these complexities with a balanced approach, fostering environments where the benefits of immigration can flourish while mitigating its potential for discord. Recognizing and embracing the impact of immigration is pivotal in sculpting communities that are not only resilient but also inclusive, underscoring the immutable truth that immigration has a major impact on society.


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