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Increasing Demand for Oil and Gas has Made It Necessary to Look for These Energy Sources-IELTS Essay

Updated: Aug 29, 2023

Write about the following topic:


The increasing demand for oil and gas has made it necessary to look for these energy sources in remote and untouched natural places.

Do you think the advantages of locating oil and gas in these areas outweigh the disadvantages of damaging these places?


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experiences.


You should write at least 250 words.


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IELTS Task 2 Band 9 Sample Essay based on the question prompt "The increasing demand for oil and gas has made it necessary to look for these energy sources in remote and untouched natural places."

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IELTS Task 2 Band 9 Sample Essay (1)

The incessant surge in global energy consumption, predominantly the increasing demand for oil and gas, has turned the compass of energy exploration towards remote and untouched natural places. This pursuit, while presenting a viable solution for our insatiable energy needs, also generates contentious debates over its environmental impact. While acknowledging the necessity of these energy resources, this essay will argue that the disadvantages of exploiting these pristine locales for oil and gas extraction substantially outweigh the advantages.


Initially, the allure of locating oil and gas reserves in uncharted territories is primarily driven by the goal of ensuring energy security. As burgeoning economies escalate their industrial capabilities and established economies strive to maintain their standard of living, the demand for these non-renewable resources escalates exponentially. Exploiting these remote areas, such as the Arctic or the deep ocean, offers a potential respite from this escalating demand and promises to cushion economies against volatility in global oil and gas markets. For instance, Russia's vigorous oil exploration in the Arctic has significantly bolstered its energy portfolio, reinforcing its position as a global energy superpower.


However, delving deeper into this issue reveals an overwhelming array of detriments that could have long-lasting implications. Primarily, the exploitation of these pristine areas inflicts irreparable damage to the environment, disrupting ecosystems, and endangering the survival of diverse species. For instance, the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska resulted in catastrophic loss of wildlife, illustrating the catastrophic consequences that can occur. Moreover, venturing into these challenging terrains often involves greater risks and higher costs. Equipment malfunctions, logistical complications, and severe weather conditions can exponentially increase the likelihood of disastrous incidents.


In summary, while the hunt for oil and gas reserves in unspoiled and remote locales may appear to be a tempting solution to the escalating energy demands, the detriments accompanying such actions overshadow the perceived benefits considerably. The grave environmental costs and heightened risks associated with such exploitation underscore the unsustainability of this approach.


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IELTS Task 2 Band 9 Sample Essay (2)

The escalating global requirement for fossil fuels necessitates the exploration for these non-renewable energy resources in pristine and isolated regions. This essay will examine the potential benefits of amplifying oil and gas supplies and its direct impact on reducing cost of living for many. Concurrently, it will highlight the detrimental environmental effects of such explorations. Although there are benefits, I am of the opinion that the adverse consequences significantly overshadow the positives.


The scarcity of non-renewable energy resources is a pressing issue. As the demand surpasses the supply, prices tend to surge, causing economic distress for many. A broad range of daily commodities, from fuelling vehicles such as cars and buses to powering household appliances, depend heavily on oil and gas. Uncovering additional energy reserves can potentially lead to a decrease in energy costs, thereby lowering the financial burden for the general populace.


However, these potential economic gains must be weighed against the catastrophic environmental costs. Extraction of these resources often leads to significant ecological disruptions, from deforestation to water contamination. For example, the combustion of fossil fuels releases substantial amounts of greenhouse gases, exacerbating climate change and jeopardising biodiversity. In a specific case, the Amazon Rainforest, often termed the "lungs of the Earth," has been subject to illegal logging for oil drilling purposes. The exact extent of the ecological damage remains elusive, but the activity is known to have severely diminished this unique and precious ecosystem.


In conclusion, while the discovery of further energy reserves could provide short-term economic relief by lowering living expenses, the far-reaching environmental consequences are undeniable and severe. The devastating degradation of untouched ecosystems, heightened levels of pollution, and escalating climate change issues underscore the dire drawbacks of such exploration.


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