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Increasing Demand for Oil and Gas has Made It Necessary to Look for These Energy Sources-IELTS Essay

Write about the following topic:


The increasing demand for oil and gas has made it necessary to look for these energy sources in remote and untouched natural places.

Do you think the advantages of locating oil and gas in these areas outweigh the disadvantages of damaging these places?


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experiences.


You should write at least 250 words.


IELTS Task 2 Band 9 Sample Essay based on the question prompt "The increasing demand for oil and gas has made it necessary to look for these energy sources in remote and untouched natural places."

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Sample Essay 1

The relentless pursuit of oil and gas, compelling us towards the unspoiled sanctuaries of nature, sparks a complex debate. This essay posits that while the quest for these resources is driven by economic imperatives, it does not justify the ecological and cultural devastations it entails. The discourse will pivot around the environmental repercussions and the irreplaceable loss of natural and cultural heritage against the backdrop of short-term economic gains.


Venturing into pristine territories for oil and gas extraction presents undeniable economic benefits. It not only promises to bolster energy security but also stimulates job creation and infrastructure development in remote areas. For instance, the extraction industry in the Arctic has been touted for its potential to generate significant revenue and reduce dependency on imports. However, these benefits are transient and often overshadow the long-term environmental costs. The disruption of ecosystems, pollution, and the acceleration of climate change are profound. The Deepwater Horizon oil spill exemplifies the catastrophic environmental impacts that can arise, devastating marine life and local economies reliant on tourism and fishing.


Moreover, the infringement upon untouched natural places often means encroaching upon lands of significant cultural importance to indigenous communities. The pursuit of resources in these areas frequently leads to displacement, loss of livelihoods, and erosion of cultural identities. For example, oil exploration in the Amazon has threatened the way of life of indigenous tribes, severing their connection to ancestral lands and jeopardizing their survival. This cultural dislocation cannot be quantified or compensated for, highlighting a critical disadvantage of resource extraction in such sensitive areas.


In summary, the quest for oil and gas in remote areas, despite its economic appeal, inflicts irreversible harm on both ecosystems and indigenous cultures, outweighing any temporary gains. Embracing sustainable and renewable energy alternatives is crucial for protecting our planet's natural and cultural legacies for the generations to come.


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Sample Essay 2

The relentless search for oil and gas propels humanity into the most secluded corners of the Earth, presenting a conundrum of economic benefits versus environmental and cultural degradation. This essay argues that the detriments of exploiting these untouched reserves far eclipse the short-term economic advantages, focusing on the irreversible damage to biodiversity and the ethical implications of such endeavours.


The allure of economic growth through resource extraction tempts nations to delve into untouched territories, promising job creation and energy security. For example, the exploitation of oil reserves in the Arctic region is often justified by the potential for economic development. However, this shortsighted view neglects the catastrophic environmental consequences. The fragility of these ecosystems means that any disturbance can lead to irreversible loss of biodiversity. The case of the Arctic also illustrates the profound impact on native wildlife, disrupting migration patterns and threatening species survival.


Ethically, the encroachment on lands untouched by industrial development raises significant concerns. Many of these areas are sacred to indigenous peoples, holding deep cultural significance and supporting traditional ways of life. The intrusion of oil and gas exploration not only disrupts these communities but also poses a moral dilemma. The rights and sovereignty of indigenous peoples are often overlooked in the rush for economic gains, leading to conflicts and loss of heritage. The destruction of the Amazon rainforest for oil exploration, for instance, has led to widespread condemnation for the disregard of indigenous rights and environmental protection.


In summary, the pursuit of oil and gas in untouched areas, despite its economic allure, is vastly overshadowed by its ecological and ethical toll. A commitment to sustainable energy, respecting both nature and indigenous rights, is crucial for the planet's future, aligning with our duty to protect and cherish Earth's remaining sanctuaries.


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Sample Essay 3

The incessant surge in global energy consumption, predominantly the increasing demand for oil and gas, has turned the compass of energy exploration towards remote and untouched natural places. This pursuit, while presenting a viable solution for our insatiable energy needs, also generates contentious debates over its environmental impact. While acknowledging the necessity of these energy resources, this essay will argue that the disadvantages of exploiting these pristine locales for oil and gas extraction substantially outweigh the advantages.


Initially, the allure of locating oil and gas reserves in uncharted territories is primarily driven by the goal of ensuring energy security. As burgeoning economies escalate their industrial capabilities and established economies strive to maintain their standard of living, the demand for these non-renewable resources escalates exponentially. Exploiting these remote areas, such as the Arctic or the deep ocean, offers a potential respite from this escalating demand and promises to cushion economies against volatility in global oil and gas markets. For instance, Russia's vigorous oil exploration in the Arctic has significantly bolstered its energy portfolio, reinforcing its position as a global energy superpower.


However, delving deeper into this issue reveals an overwhelming array of detriments that could have long-lasting implications. Primarily, the exploitation of these pristine areas inflicts irreparable damage to the environment, disrupting ecosystems, and endangering the survival of diverse species. For instance, the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska resulted in catastrophic loss of wildlife, illustrating the catastrophic consequences that can occur. Moreover, venturing into these challenging terrains often involves greater risks and higher costs. Equipment malfunctions, logistical complications, and severe weather conditions can exponentially increase the likelihood of disastrous incidents.


In summary, while the hunt for oil and gas reserves in unspoiled and remote locales may appear to be a tempting solution to the escalating energy demands, the detriments accompanying such actions overshadow the perceived benefits considerably. The grave environmental costs and heightened risks associated with such exploitation underscore the unsustainability of this approach.



Sample Essay 4

The escalating global requirement for fossil fuels necessitates the exploration for these non-renewable energy resources in pristine and isolated regions. This essay will examine the potential benefits of amplifying oil and gas supplies and its direct impact on reducing cost of living for many. Concurrently, it will highlight the detrimental environmental effects of such explorations. Although there are benefits, I am of the opinion that the adverse consequences significantly overshadow the positives.


The scarcity of non-renewable energy resources is a pressing issue. As the demand surpasses the supply, prices tend to surge, causing economic distress for many. A broad range of daily commodities, from fuelling vehicles such as cars and buses to powering household appliances, depend heavily on oil and gas. Uncovering additional energy reserves can potentially lead to a decrease in energy costs, thereby lowering the financial burden for the general populace.


However, these potential economic gains must be weighed against the catastrophic environmental costs. Extraction of these resources often leads to significant ecological disruptions, from deforestation to water contamination. For example, the combustion of fossil fuels releases substantial amounts of greenhouse gases, exacerbating climate change and jeopardising biodiversity. In a specific case, the Amazon Rainforest, often termed the "lungs of the Earth," has been subject to illegal logging for oil drilling purposes. The exact extent of the ecological damage remains elusive, but the activity is known to have severely diminished this unique and precious ecosystem.


In conclusion, while the discovery of further energy reserves could provide short-term economic relief by lowering living expenses, the far-reaching environmental consequences are undeniable and severe. The devastating degradation of untouched ecosystems, heightened levels of pollution, and escalating climate change issues underscore the dire drawbacks of such exploration.


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