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Marriage and Divorce Statistics for Eight Countries in 1981 and 1994 - Task 1 Bar Charts

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The bar charts below show the Marriage and Divorce Statistics for eight countries in 1981 and 1994.


Write a short report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.


Write at least 150 words.

Marriage and Divorce Statistics for Eight Countries in 1981 and 1994 - Task 1 Bar Charts
Marriage and Divorce Statistics for Eight Countries in 1981 and 1994 - Task 1 Bar Chart Band 9 Sample Reports

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Model Answer 1

The provided bar charts compare the marriage and divorce rates per thousand people across eight distinct countries in the years 1981 and 1994, delineating notable shifts in these social trends over the span of thirteen years.


An overview of the data highlights a downward trajectory in marriage rates for the majority of the countries, with Denmark being the sole exception, showcasing an increment. In contrast, the divorce rates reveal an increasing pattern in half of the listed nations, with the United States and Denmark diverging from this trend.


A closer examination of the marriage statistics from 1981 shows the United States leading with a rate exceeding 10 per thousand, significantly higher than the other seven countries, where figures hovered around 6 per thousand, except for Denmark which had the lowest at approximately 5 per thousand. By 1994, a general decline in marriage rates is evident, except for Denmark which saw an increase of nearly 2 per thousand. Japan, representing Asia, displayed marginal fluctuations in its marriage figures.


Turning to the divorce rates, the United States again stood out in 1981 with a rate surpassing 4 per thousand, the highest among the countries surveyed. Over the thirteen-year period, divorce rates rose in all but the United States and Denmark. While Italy maintained the lowest rate of divorce, Germany's figures remained unchanged.


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Model Answer 2

The bar charts in question meticulously delineate the Marriage and Divorce Statistics for eight countries, offering a comparative analysis of the rates per thousand individuals for two discrete years, 1981 and 1994.


The overarching trend discernible from the charts is the general decrease in marriage rates among seven of the countries, with Denmark defying this pattern by exhibiting a rise. Conversely, the divorce rates in five countries show a notable escalation, with the United States and Denmark presenting reductions, indicating a divergent trend in marital dissolution.


Delving deeper into the details, the United States initially stood at a pinnacle in terms of marriage rates with a staggering figure above 10 per thousand in 1981, starkly outpacing the other nations where the rates orbited around 6 per thousand. The singular exception was Denmark, presenting the lowest initial rate. Fast forward to 1994, and the marriage rates had dipped universally, barring Denmark, which saw an uptick to nearly 7 per thousand. Japan's marriage rate, however, remained consistently stable with negligible variation over the years.


Focusing on the divorce dimension, the initial statistics placed the United States at the forefront with rates over 4 per thousand. By 1994, this number had descended, aligning with Denmark’s trend of reduced divorce rates. In contrast, Italy consistently manifested the lowest divorce rates, and Germany's rates remained steadfast throughout the period.


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Model Answer 3

The bar graphs presented offer a comparative exploration of Marriage and Divorce Statistics for eight countries, capturing the frequency of these events per thousand inhabitants in both 1981 and 1994.


It is immediately apparent that the propensity to marry declined in almost all the surveyed countries over the thirteen-year period, with Denmark being the striking outlier where marriages surged. Regarding divorces, there was a discernible upward trend in half of the countries, while the United States and Denmark experienced a downturn.


In granular detail, the United States, in 1981, had the most significant marriage rate, towering over 10 per thousand, a stark contrast to the other countries, which predominantly hovered around the 6 per thousand mark. Notably, Denmark's marriage rate was the lowest initially but saw an increase of about 2 per thousand by 1994, indicating a reversal of the general declining trend. Japan stood out for its stability, with its marriage rate showing little to no change over the years.


Divorce rates unfolded differently; in 1981, the United States led with a divorce rate exceeding 4 per thousand. However, by 1994, there was a notable decrease, mirroring the trend in Denmark. Italy maintained the lowest rate of divorce, unchanged over the years, while Germany's divorce statistics remained constant, unaffected by the temporal shift.


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