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Percentage of people aged 60-64 who were still in the workforce-IELTS Task 1 Bar Graph Band 9 Sample

Updated: Jul 2

You should spend 20 minutes on this task.


The bar charts show the percentage of people aged 60 - 64 who were still in the workforce in four countries in 1970 and 2000.


Summarise the information by selecting, and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.


Write at least 150 words.

Task 1 Bar Graph Band 9 Sample Report - The bar charts show the percentage of people aged 60 - 64 who were still in the workforce in four countries in 1970 and 2000.

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Sample Report 1

The provided graph delineates employment trends among men and women aged 60 to 64 across four distinct countries—Belgium, the USA, Japan, and Australia—comparing data from the years 1970 and 2000.


Overall, the chart highlights notable trends in employment rates, particularly the robust retention of employment among Japanese men and the marked decline among their Belgian counterparts over the three-decade span. Similarly, for women, the trends are less pronounced but reveal a significant disparity between the nations examined.


Focusing on the male demographic, Japan showcases a notable resilience in employment rates, which, though declining, remained high from over 80% in 1970 to approximately 70% in 2000. In stark contrast, Belgian men experienced a dramatic decrease, plummeting from nearly 80% to below 20% over the same period. With observing the employment rate about 50% and 42%, the USA and Australia, respectively, displayed a declining pattern by the year 2000.


The employment landscape for women aged 60 to 64 shows less fluctuation but highlights significant national differences. The USA and Japan saw slight declines in female workforce participation, with the former dropping from 46% to 38% and the latter from 43% to around 40%. Conversely, Belgium and Australia had notably lower and more static rates, with Belgium fluctuating slightly around 5-10% and Australia maintaining levels between 15% and 20%, indicating a persistent underrepresentation of older women in the workforce within these countries.


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Sample Report 2

The chart provided offers a comparative analysis of employment rates among individuals aged 60 to 64 in four countries—Belgium, the USA, Japan, and Australia—for the years 1970 and 2000.


A cursory glance at the data reveals significant differences in employment trends between the countries, with Japan maintaining high employment levels among men and a noticeable drop in Belgium’s figures over the thirty-year span. For women, while the USA and Japan show slight declines, Belgium and Australia present consistently lower rates.


Delving deeper, the employment rate for Japanese men remains impressively robust, with only a modest reduction from just over 80% in 1970 to about 70% in 2000. In a stark contrast, Belgium shows a steep decline, with rates plummeting from nearly 80% to just under 20% during the same period. Meanwhile, the USA and Australia show gradual declines, maintaining around half of their eligible male populations in employment by the year 2000.


For women in the same age group, the employment landscape shows fewer fluctuations but highlights clear distinctions between the nations. In the USA and Japan, there is a gradual decrease in employment, from 46% to 38% and 43% to approximately 40%, respectively. However, in Belgium and Australia, the rates are significantly lower and exhibit minimal changes, hovering around 5-10% in Belgium and 15-20% in Australia, reflecting a consistent under-engagement of older women in these labour markets.



Sample Report 3

The provided diagram offers a detailed comparative analysis of the employment rates among individuals aged 60 to 64 across four countries—Belgium, the United States, Japan, and Australia—in the years 1970 and 2000.


A broad observation from the chart is the dominance of Japan in sustaining high employment rates for men, contrasted by the significant decline witnessed in Belgium during the same period. Moreover, while there is substantial representation of women in the workforce in the United States and Japan, their counterparts in Belgium and Australia show considerably lower engagement.


Delving into specifics, the workforce participation of Japanese men remained impressively high, decreasing only slightly from above 80% in 1970 to around 70% by 2000. On the other hand, Belgian men's participation saw a precipitous drop from near 80% in 1970 to just under 20% by the end of the century. The United States and Australia displayed more moderate declines, with the former maintaining a consistent rate of about half of its eligible male population employed by 2000, and the latter showing similar trends.


For women, the scenario depicts less variability but notable distinctions between the nations. Both the United States and Japan recorded a slight negative trend in female employment, decreasing from 46% to 38%, and 43% to 40%, respectively. In stark contrast, Belgium and Australia recorded minimal participation, with slight oscillations around 5-10%, and 15-20%, respectively, underscoring a stagnation in workforce involvement among older women in these regions.


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