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Top 10 Countries for Production and Consumption of Electricity - Task 1 Bar Graph Band 9 Sample

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The bar chart below shows the top 10 countries for the production and consumption of electricity in 2014.


Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.


Write at least 150 words.


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Task 1 Bar Graph Band 9 Sample (The bar chart below shows the top 10 countries for the production and consumption of electricity in 2014.)

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IELTS Task 1 Bar Graph Band 9 Sample Report

The given bar chart illustrates the top ten countries that produced and consumed the largest amounts of electricity in the year 2014. Overall, China and the United States were the leading countries in both electricity output and consumption. In all the countries, except Germany, the electricity generation exceeded consumption.


China was the largest electricity producer and consumer among all the countries, with 5,398 billion kWh of power generation and consumption, followed by the United States, with 4,099 billion kWh of energy production and 3,866 billion kWh of consumption.


Russia was the only country among the other eight nations whose electricity production and consumption exceeded 1,000 billion kWh, with 1,057 billion kWh and 1,038 billion kWh, respectively. On the other hand, the Republic of Korea had the lowest electricity production and consumption, with only 485.1 billion kWh and 449.5 billion kWh, respectively.


Regarding the remaining countries, including Japan, India, Canada, France, Brazil, and Germany, their electricity outputs ranged from 526 to 937 billion kWh, while their consumption ranged from 455 to 857 billion kWh. It is interesting to note that Germany was the only country that consumed more electricity than it generated, with 582.5 billion kWh of usage and 526.6 billion kWh of production.


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IELTS Task 1 Bar Chart 8.5 Sample Report

The presented bar chart provides information regarding the top ten countries with the highest energy production and consumption in the year 2014, with the values measured in kilowatt-hours (kWh).


Overall, it is evident that China and the United States of America had significantly higher energy levels than the other countries. Additionally, with the exception of Germany, all the nations generated more energy than they consumed.


Focusing on the top two countries, China consumed almost all the energy it produced, with a production of 5,398 billion kWh and consumption of 5,322 billion kWh, surpassing the United States, which had the second-highest levels of energy production and consumption. Similarly, the electricity production in the USA was slightly more than its consumption, as it generated 4,099 billion kWh of electricity and consumed 3,866 billion kWh in the same year.


In terms of energy production and consumption among the other eight countries, Russia topped the list, generating and consuming 1,057 and 1,038 billion kWh of energy, respectively, while Korea was at the bottom with a production and consumption of 485.1 and 449.5 billion kWh, correspondingly. Furthermore, Germany was the only country where energy usage was higher than its production, with a production of 526.6 billion kWh and a consumption of 585.5 billion kWh. However, the reverse was true for all the other countries. Interestingly, the gap between energy consumption and production was wider in India and Canada, where the difference exceeded 100 billion for each country.


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IELTS Task 1 Bar Chart 8 Sample Report (1)

The given chart presents data on the electricity production and consumption in the top ten countries in the year 2014. Overall, except for Germany, all the countries produced slightly more electricity than they consumed. China and the United States were outliers with the highest numbers, whereas the other countries had similar figures, and their production and consumption lagged far behind the top two countries.


China produced and consumed the most electricity, with 5,398 billion kWh and 5,322 billion kWh, respectively. The United States followed closely, with its residents consuming 3,866 billion kWh and producing 4,099 billion kWh. Russia ranked third, with 1,057 billion kWh of production and 1,038 kWh of consumption, followed by Japan, with 936.2 billion kWh of production and 856.7 kWh of consumption.


India and Canada ranked fifth and sixth, respectively, with India producing 871 billion kWh and consuming 698.8 billion kWh, and Canada having slightly lower numbers for both production (618.9 billion kWh) and consumption (499.9 billion kWh). France and Brazil ranked seventh and eighth, respectively, with France producing 561.2 billion kWh and consuming 462.9 billion kWh, and Brazil recording 530.7 billion kWh of production and 455.8 billion kWh of consumption.


Finally, Germany and the Republic of Korea occupied the last two positions, with Germany having higher production (526.6 billion kWh) than Korea (485.1 billion kWh) and also consuming more (582.5 billion kWh compared to 449.5 billion kWh).



IELTS Task 1 Bar Chart 8 Sample Report (2)

The bar chart illustrates data about ten countries that produced and consumed the most energy in 2014. The units are presented in kWh.


Overall, the energy levels in China and the USA were substantially higher than that of the other countries. Moreover, except Germany, all nations generated more energy than their spending on it.


Looking first to the top two countries, China consumed nearly all the energy produced, at 5,398 billion kWh and 5,322 billion kWh, respectively, exceeding America, which was the second highest nation in terms of both energy production and consumption levels. Similar to China, electricity production in America also was marginally higher than that of its consumption. That means, the United States used 3,866 billion kWh of electricity 2014 out of 4,099 billion kWh that it generated in the same year.


Meanwhile, in terms of energy production and consumption range among the other 8 countries, Russia led the tally with generating and using 1,057 and 1,038 billion kWh, respectively, whereas Korea remained at the bottom with that of 485 and 449 billion kWh. In addition, Germany was the only country where energy usage outnumbered energy consumption, it produced 526.6 billion kWh and used 585.5 billion kWh, in order. However, the opposite was true for all other countries. Surprisingly, the gap between consumption and production of energy was wider in India and Canada, where the increment exceeds 100 billion kWh each.


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